Videos uploaded by user “Learn English with Benjamin [engVid]”
http://www.engvid.com/ Do you get confused using English tenses? In today's lesson, I teach you how and when to use the Present Perfect and Past Simple tenses. It's easy to confuse the two, and many English students make mistakes with these tenses. In this grammar lesson, you will learn how each one is used, how they are different from one another, and how to know which tense is correct for your sentence. English tenses can be difficult to master, but I'll teach you my quick and easy tips so that you can use these tenses correctly. Once you understand them, practice by taking my quiz. http://www.engvid.com/english-tenses-present-perfect-present-simple/ TRANSCRIPT Hi there, guys, and welcome back to www.engvid.com. Going to be doing a grammar lesson today. We're looking at the difference between the present perfect and the past simple. Sometimes these tenses can look a little bit similar, so I want to point out to you why we use the present perfect when we're talking about something that's current, now, but looking back to the past; and then looking at the past simple as a simple completed action. I hope it's helpful. Let's get involved. So: "Bruce is looking for his helmet. He can't find it anywhere. So he __________", now what do you think should go here? "He __________ lost his helmet." Okay, he's looking for his helmet, he can't find it, so we need to put something in here. Have you got it? Well the answer is: "has". Okay? So: "He has lost his helmet." Now, to form the present perfect, I put my subject, I'll just put "s" for subject, so: "I", "you", "he", "she", "we", "they", "it". Okay? Subject plus "has" or "have", plus the past participle. So if it's regular, you're going to be doing a verb with an "ed" ending. For example: "completed", "finished", "started". Okay? So verb plus: "ed". However, if it's irregular, it's going to have a slightly different ending. I'm hoping you've got a list of irregular verbs somewhere. Get in touch with me if you don't, I'll help out. So, when are we talking about? "Bruce has lost his helmet. He has lost his helmet." Well, it's not future. Is it? Okay? It's either present or past. Now, we use the present perfect when we're looking at something that's kind of just happened. It happened quite recently; it's only just happened. So I'm going to write in: "recent", okay? "R-e-c-e-n-t", "recent". Say it back to me: "recent". Okay, it happened recently, the adverb. Great. So: "Bruce has lost his helmet." It's only just happened. It happened like an hour ago, it happened five minutes ago. For not much time has he lost his helmet. Now, let's look at how we form this verb. As I said, we look at our subject so it's either: "I", or: "we", or: "they", or: "you". What do you think? "Has" or: "have" here? "I has" or: "I have"? That's it, it's: "I have". Okay? Now, the contraction for: "I have" is: "I've finished." -"Have you done your homework?" -"Yes, I've finished my homework. Just five minutes ago, I finished my homework." Okay? Now, with the subjects: "he", "she", "it", we're going to need to use: "has". "Sorry about my pen, it has just run out of ink." Okay? So subject plus: "has". Contraction: "It's just run out of ink." So that brings me on to my next point, "run" would be an irregular verb. Okay? "R-u-n", it doesn't use an "ed" ending. Check out your list of irregular verb endings for the past participle. Good. Still with me? Still understanding? Still on the same page? Comprendo? Brilliant. Now, we're going to look on to the past simple now. "He"-Bruce-"lost his helmet." Okay? "He lost his helmet." This is the... Oh, dear, I got it the wrong way around. Teachers aren't perfect after all. So: "He lost his helmet is the past simple." Okay? Because it's a completed action that has happened in the past and it's finished. "He lost his helmet." Okay? So let's write in, past simple, that's there. "He lost his helmet." Done. Happened once, finished. "But now he has found it!" Tada! Great. So Bruce, he now has found it. Okay? And the pen has still run out of ink. "But now he has found it!" The difference... So this is my present perfect. It has something to do with now. "But now he has found it!" Okay? This "now" talks about the present. "But now he has found his helmet." Let's look at the differences one more time. Present perfect, it tells us about the situation now. I have the helmet now. e.g: "Bruce has lost his helmet. He has lost his helmet." Now no helmet. Okay? Now, what do we know now? Well, now, there is no helmet. Past simple: "He lost his helmet." When we use the past simple, we find out about the past, but we don't know about the present. Okay? So we know about the past, not the present. "Bruce lost his helmet." We don't know if he has his helmet now. We cannot see the present which is down here: "He does have his helmet." Okay? So the past just doesn't give us that information about right now, the past simple.
Sound more fluent in English
Sometimes when you are trying to speak English, you just don't know what to say! Because you are still learning, maybe you need some extra time to think of the correct words. Watch this lesson and learn how English speakers use "hesitation" sounds like "erm", "mmm" and phrases such as "you know" to keep the conversation alive. I'll also teach you some phrases you can easily add to the beginning of sentences to give yourself more time. No more awkward silence! http://www.engvid.com/sound-more-fluent-in-english-hesitation-devices/ TRANSCRIPT Hello. My name is Benjamin. I'm a lost tourist in London, and I don't know where to go. I'm going to talk to the ticket man in the London Underground and see if he can help me. "Hello, Mr. ticket man. I would like a ticket to Piccadilly." The man starts talking to me. "Blah, blah, blah." He asks me a question. I don't know what to say, so I need to make a noise. "Ah." These are noises that give you time to think about your answer. "Ah. I would like a ticket, please, to Piccadilly Circus." Or I could say, "Urgh, I want a ticket please." Or "Urm, I want to go to --." Or the other one would be, "Mmm, I want a ticket." Okay. Good. So then, my ticket man says, "No problem. That will be four pounds fifty, please." I then say, "You know, I think that's a little bit expensive, a bit expensive." So these are all phrases for expressing an opinion -- if I think that's too big a price. So I could say, "you know, I think that's too expensive." Or, "I mean, I only really want to go one stop, half a mile. You see, I've only got four pounds. Then, I can't eat." Or, "Well, maybe you could give it to me for a little less." Or, "the thing is, Mr. ticket man, I need to go there as well." These are all expressing an opinion to the ticket man. Okay? So one last way of expressive an opinion. I could say, "Well, it's like this. You see, I want to go to Piccadilly, but I can only give you two pounds." Okay? All ways of giving an opinion, of starting "I want, I need". Okay? The ticket man thinks, and then he says, "Well, for three pounds, I can give you a single. Is that what you want?" "A single? What is a single?" These are all phrases for when I need to think about my answer. So I could say, "Mmm, let me see. A single?" And then I repeat the question he has given to me. Okay? Or I can say, "Now, let me think. That might be a good idea." Or, "Just a minute. I'm going to ask my friend." Or, "Hang on, sir. I need to look in my guidebook to find out." Or, "That's a really interesting question." Now, the thing about this phrase here, "It's a really interesting question", it's better maybe in school or university. Probably not very appropriate for the London Underground. But it's a good phrase to remember, anyway. Or I could say, "I'm not sure about that. Maybe. Could you tell me more?" And then, the ticket man says, "Of course I can tell you more, but you must watch the next video in EngVid." See you soon. My name is Benjamin. Thank you.
Improve your Writing: Show, Not Tell
Become a better writer, no matter what you're writing! I'll show you how to take simple, boring sentences and turn them to vibrant, expressive writing. As you practice this technique in your writing, you will find it carries over to your everyday spoken English as well. Before you know it, you'll be a more dynamic, compelling speaker and writer. Next, watch this video to improve your vocabulary: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QxjsWwgPjwM Take the quiz on this lesson at: https://www.engvid.com/english-writing-show-not-tell/ TRANSCRIPT Welcome back to engVid. Here we are with a writing lesson. We are looking at the skill of showing, not telling, and it's going to transform your writing as long as you put it into practice afterwards. "Show, not tell. What's he talking about?" When we're writing we want to avoid simple statements that don't really add any description or flavour. For example: "The man was stressed." [Snores] Boring. Instead, I want you to paint a picture, I really want you to describe the man is stressed without telling me that he is. So how can you do that? We're kind of trying to avoid this word, and describe it instead. So what's he doing? "The man was fidgeting. Ah, he's fidgeting. He's so stressed, he can't sort of stay still. And biting his nails." Okay? So pick out a couple of details that show how the person was. Next one: "The room was messy." Again, it's a simple, simple sentence. It's just one sort of main clause and it's not very interesting. Much better to describe the items in the room that make it messy. For example: "There was a leftover pizza, dirty clothes were strewn"... I'll write that word for you. That means they were covering the floor. "...and there were dirty plates and cups". Okay? These details give us the idea that it is messy. Example three: "The woman was confident." Okay, but it would be much more effective if you described how she was confident. So, how does she move? How do other people react to her? "She strode", that means she walked, but with purpose. Okay? So I've picked an interesting verb. "She strode into the room, and everyone turned their heads to notice her." Okay? Much clearer, more vivid idea of confidence than just saying she was confident. Example four: "The boy was careful." Tell us how he was careful. "He placed his favourite magazine in the top drawer of his cabinet." Okay? So we need to say exactly what he is placing, the object there has been missed out. "He placed"... There's no room for me to write it. You get the idea, he places his favourite book or magazine, and look how specific it is: "the top drawer of his cabinet". Next example: "The stadium was full." Again, I'm bored with this simple sentence construction. We need to make it more interesting. "The sound from the stadium was deafening", okay? And then give us some main action perhaps: "The sound from the stadium was deafening as the crowd rose up to chant the player's name." Okay? Give the sense that the stadium is full from what you can see and what you can hear. Okay? A couple of ones to describe weather. "It was hot." Okay? Well, a very young child could write a sentence like that, so if you're sort of a teenager or an adult, it's time to raise the bar. How can we tell that it is hot? Well: "The sun was causing damage to", "The sun was melting", "The sun was burning", "The sun was causing the lady's skin to turn red". Okay? Pick out details that show the effect. "It was cold. It was cold." How do we know it was cold? How cold did it feel? What can you see? "Drainpipes were freezing, ice was as thick as"... I don't know. "It was three inches thick." Whatever, you've got to show details rather than just stating things. -"It was windy." -"The umbrella was totally bent out of shape. The umbrella"-you know for keeping the rain off us-"was totally"-that means fully-"bent"-Yeah? Bent-"...out of shape", out of its normal position. "He found it funny." Right? How funny did he find it? Okay? Better to... For us to get the idea to picture what he was doing: "He was rolling around the floor in hysterics." Okay? When you're so... Find something so funny, you're like: [Laughs]. Okay? He can't control his body he finds it so funny. "Hysterics", that means like totally lost control. "Hysteria". Okay? Hysterics. "In hysterics" means finding something really, really funny. "The castle was captured." Right. I want to get a sense of drama. I want to imagine what's happening there at the castle. Is the king having his head cut off? Are the new army marching in? What's happening? "The new flag was hoisted up on high, greeted by a cheer from the crowd." Okay? Paint pictures, pick out details. Okay? It's good to have a range of adjectives, but how can you show those adjectives? How can you describe them instead? Thank you for watching today's video. Have a go at the quiz after this, and I'll see you very soon. Remember to subscribe. Bye.
Learn to make plans with the FUTURE PROGRESSIVE tense
http://www.engvid.com/ What will you be doing in 30 seconds' time? Learning about the future progressive verb tense, of course! This tense is all about making plans for the future using the "will be" and "going to" structures. After the lesson, you will be able to confidently start talking about future plans and decisions. When you are done, I will be waiting for you to complete the quiz to assess your understanding. Will you be staying in tonight to watch this useful video? http://www.engvid.com/learn-to-make-plans-with-the-future-progressive-tense/ TRANSCRIPT Hello, everybody. My name is Benjamin, and welcome back to www.engvid.com, the home of good English on the internet. Today we're going to be covering the future progressive tense. Now, this is a very useful tense when you're asked a difficult question in an interview situation, like: "Thomas, where do you imagine being in five years' time?" Okay? So this is a really good tense to master for those kind of speculative, difficult questions you might face in an interview. So, today, we're going to be looking at the use form, how to use it in the positive, the negative, and then looking at different ways of asking questions in the future tense, and the different meanings of using: "will", "going to", or the future progressive. Great. So, we use the future progressive when we are saying that something will be happening at a specific time in the future. For example: I will be eating pizza today with my mother. Okay? So, the form: "I will be"; the verb, "eat" in this case; and then "ing", and we have a later time in the future. So: "I will be eating pizza later today." At a specific time. We know what time it's going to happen. Okay, so in the positive: "I will be work" and then my "ing" ending. "I will be working..." And then, what time is that going to happen? We will need to add that here. In the negative, it would be: "He will not be working on Tuesday, because he has a day off." Okay? Using a question mark. If I want to ask someone what they're doing at the weekend, maybe I would say: "Will you be working on Saturday?" Okay? Maybe I want to play football with them, so I find out if they will be working. "Will you be working on Saturday?" I want you to think of an example now. Now, think of that. I'm talking about interview questions. The person says to you: "Matthew, what will you be doing in 5 years' time?" So, I want you to answer: "In 5 years' time I will be", now you could use the verb: "work", "live", or "study". Okay? "In 5 years' time I will be..." Remember the form: "I will be", the verb, and "ing". Okay? Have a quick go. What have you got? Good. Keep a note of that for later. Now, we're going to move on to questions. Okay? So, three different ways of using questions. Sometimes this question... Sometimes questions aren't actually questions at all. So, questions are only questions if you raise your voice at the end. What are you doing later? But if I just say: "What are you doing later?" Then I don't like what you're doing later; I'm being nasty. So, a request or an order. "Will you finish your homework tonight?" Okay? "Will you finish your homework tonight?" Okay? This is a teacher or the parent, being quite "poof, poof, poof", with the student or the child. Okay? So: "Will you finish your homework tonight?" I'm using the future tense, "will", here. I still have a definite time, tonight. Will you finish your homework tonight? But it's an order. I want them to finish their homework tonight. Here, I want a decision, and I'm going to use the future tense: "going to". "Are you going to finish your homework tonight?" I want them to finish their homework tonight, I really do. I want them to say: "Yes! I am going to finish my homework tonight." So a want decision, but it's not "ch, ch, ch, ch, ch", like it is here. Now, here, we are using the future progressive tense. You'll notice the "will", the "be", the verb, plus the "ing". "Will you be finishing your homework tonight?" You'll notice it's polite. Okay? It shows respect to the other person. "Will you be", so I've changed the word order of "will", and the subject and the verb while I form the question. "Will you be finishing your homework tonight?" And that's a nice respectful way of asking a question. Lovely. So, today we've looked at the use of the future progressive. We're talking about something that's going to happen at a certain point in the future. We use "will be", the verb, "ing" and it needs to have a specific time. For example: "In 5 years' time I will be working in Montreal in Canada." Okay? Positive, negative, question mark. Just make sure you use the "ing" with this tense. And here are the different ways of asking questions in the future. Making an order, "Do that", when I use "will"; wanting an answer: "Are you going to?"; and when I want to be polite, I use this future progressive: "Will you be finishing your homework tonight?"
Learn English Grammar: How to use "If I had..."
Can you think of an example of a time in your life when if you had done something a little differently, life would have been a little bit better? Of course you can. But how do you express that in English? In this lesson, I will teach you how to use the structure "if I had" for when we want to give an excuse for not doing something or an explanation for how we would have done things differently. Don't wait until tomorrow to say "If I had known that I would learn so much, I would have watched this lesson." Do it now! Then, practice your new knowledge by doing the quiz, and you'll never get into trouble again! http://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-if-i-had/ TRANSCRIPT Hello, guys. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. Today, I'm doing a little lesson on "if I had known". So this is a structure talking about something that happened in the past that we would have done differently if we had known something, if we had more knowledge at that time. It's useful in a work as well as in a social context. And I'm going to be looking at examples of different verbs that we can use with this phrase "if I had known". Okay? Let's get started. Well, this is what Barry said, okay? So you notice that the speech marks -- this is the actual words of my friend Barry. "If I had known that Chelsea were playing at home, I would have gone to seen them." Okay? "If I had known that Chelsea" -- so he's here; he's in the present, and he's looking back to a point in the past, and he's saying if at this point here he had known that Chelsea, a football team, were playing at home, at Stamford Bridge, he would have gone there. But at the time, he did not know, so he didn't. He did something else. Okay? "If I had known, I would've done something else." So at that time, Barry did not know that Chelsea were playing at home, so he made a different decision. Now, the form that this takes -- we have "if" plus our subject. In this case, "I", it's Barry, the subject, "had" plus past participle. Here, it's "known", okay? But we can use lots of other past participles with this phrase, the "had" and then "known" thing. Okay. So what do we use it for? Well, it's used to talk about how a decision would have been different in the past. So I'm sure you can all think of examples of times in your life where if you had done something a little different, life would have maybe been a little bit better. Okay? My top tip for you -- you want to try to lead a life with no regrets, okay? So make lots of good decisions. Don't worry, okay? Because it's easier to think about what we didn't do than what we did do. So take action. Get involved. Now, here are some past participle forms of verbs that are good to use with this phrase. So let's go. Let's do some together. "If I had seen Barry, I would've given him his ticket." Okay? So "if I had" -- past participle -- "seen" -- and then the rest of the phrase -- "Barry, I would have done this." Okay? "If I had caught the ball, we would have won the cricket match." Okay? So same structure again. "If I had" and then "would have". "If I had caught the ball, we would have won the game." "If I had gone to the stadium, I would have seen my favourite player." Okay? So "seen", again, is in the past tense. "Invited." "If I had invited more friends to my party, we would've had a brilliant night." Okay? "If I had" in the first part of the sentence, and then "would have" in the second. "If I had invited more friends to my party, we would've had a better night." Good. "Moved." "If I had moved to Tokyo, I would have had a very different life." Okay? So this works in two parts: "if I had", and then our little verb, and then the result -- what would have been different. Okay? Not too complicated. Now, "been" is an interesting one because we can use it with different emotional states. So "If I had been kinder to Billy, he might have been happier." Okay? Or "If I had been more bold, I might have gone to New York." Okay? Again, these two parts of the sentence. "If I had spoken" -- okay, so it's in the past tense -- "If I said spoken to my friend, he would have come to the football match. Okay? We could use "decided" here for Barry. "If Barry had decided to read the newspaper in the morning, he would have gone to the football match." "Done." "If I had done my homework, I would have done better in my test." Okay? So we're here -- we're in the present, but we're looking back at the past. If there I had done more homework, okay, we'd have a different outcome -- different result -- the result is better in the test. And last one. "If I had taken the quiz, I would have learnt more in this lesson." Okay, folks? I would encourage you now to log on to www.engvid.com if you're not already there and have a go at doing the quiz. Don't forget to subscribe to my YouTube channel, and if you do want a little bit of extra help, why not look onto the Facebook page, Exquisite English.
Conversation Skills – Understand PHONE conversations in English
http://www.engvid.com/If you are nervous about having conversations over the phone in English, you are not alone. This is a common challenge all students face when learning a new language. In this lesson, you will learn how to politely ask the other person to speak slower and louder. You will also pick up some useful expressions to check for understanding like, "I'm sorry. I didn't catch that." So don't waste any time, and dial into this lesson to learn how to overcome your fear of speaking over the phone! http://www.engvid.com/conversation-skills-understand-phone-conversations-in-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hello. My name's Benjamin. I'm a teacher on this website, obviously, for engVid. And today we're going to deal with talking on the phone and trying to understand what they are saying. We're going to ask them to raise their voices, to slow down, we're going to ask them to repeat themselves, and we're going to cover what to do when you just don't understand. So, I'm hungry. I've been working all day. I need to call a pizza. That's it. Okay. Huh? I can't hear them. They're being too quiet. They're quiet as a mouse. So I need to say: "Could you speak a little louder please?" Okay? So: "Could", this is a polite way of asking a question. Okay? "Yeah, hang on. I'm... Sorry. I'm just talking to my friends on the internet. Okay? Hang on. I'll be a couple of minutes." So this is a polite way of speaking. "Could you speak a little louder?" A little, a little louder. Okay? "Please? Could you speak a little louder please?" Or another way of saying this: "Sorry, what did you say?" I didn't hear what they said. So this is interesting. Look at the word order, here. "What did you say?" I put my auxiliary verb "did", "What did you say?" before the subject, here. "Sorry, what did you say?" I'm asking them to repeat. Okay? Or, last one: "Please speak up." Please. A little louder. I need to hear. "Please speak up." Speak up. Okay? If you don't remember anything else: "speak up" is more volume. Okay? "Please speak up. I can't hear you very well." "I can't", so this obviously short for: "I cannot hear you very well." I'll just tell him. "Sorry, please speak up. I can't hear you very well." Okay, he's speaking nice and loudly now, I can hear him. But now he's talking too fast, he's saying: "Blablablablablablablablablablablablabla." That's no good. "Yeah. No, hang on. I need to talk to them again. Sorry." So, if I need to tell them to calm down, to slow down-okay?-I could say: "I'm struggling to understand. Please could you speak slower?" Okay? I've written... This is optional, this bit: "I'm struggling". So struggling, that fight, I'm fighting to understand. You're just talking too fast. But if you want to keep it nice and simple, just say: "Please could you speak slower?" Slower. Slow, a little bit more slow. Okay? Got it? "I'm sorry. I'm struggling to understand. Please could you speak slower?" Great, so now they're talking nice and loudly and they're talking slowly, which is what we want. I can understand now. "Huh? What? Huh?" They said something. I... I didn't... I didn't... I didn't understand, so I say... "Yeah. One minute." "Sorry, would you mind repeating that?" Okay? This is another polite way of phrasing: "Would you mind? Do you mind?" It's a nice way of asking someone to do something. Repeating, "repeat" with "ing" that, what they just said. Okay? We'll try this. "Sorry. Would you mind repeating that please?" Busy, oh they're very busy at the moment. Okay, that's fine. This pizza company, I don't understand what they're saying again. What's going on? So... "Yeah, yeah, yeah. One sec. One sec." So I need to say: "I'm sorry, I didn't quite catch that." Okay? So: "I'm sorry", so short for: "I am sorry, I didn't"-didn't - did not-"quite" not quite, just a little bit... "I didn't quite catch", catch, if I catch something, I understand, I get it. "I'm sorry, I didn't... I didn't quite catch that." Okay? "Catch" means to understand, to hear. "I'm sorry, I didn't quite catch that." "Did you say that you...? Did you say that you only do vegetarian pizzas?" Okay? "Did you say that...?" So I am... I am now repeating what they said. "Did you say...?" okay? Past simple. You did. "Did you say...?" But with... This is the auxiliary again. "Did you say that you only do vegetarian peache-, pizzas?" Or I could say: "Let me just check that. You said that you only do vegetarian pizzas. Is that right?" Okay? So I'm checking. "Is that right?" Is that what you said? Okay? "Yes. Sorry, sir. We only do vegetarian pizzas." Okay? And then I can choose vegetarian and I say: "Yes", or I say: "No", and I choose someone else. Okay? So I hope that gives you a better idea of how to really understand your telephone conversations. Okay? Just to recap: we got ways of asking them to raise the volume a little, to slow down, to repeat themselves, and what to do if you think they'd said something but you're not quite sure.
Speak English naturally by using filler phrases
http://www.engvid.com/ Watch this video and learn how to speak like an English person: indirectly. English people do not always say what they mean. In this video, you will learn how to sound more natural and polite when answering difficult questions. You can also use these expressions when you're having an argument or disagreement. You'll learn phrases like "How shall I put it?", "to be honest...", "as a matter of fact", and many more. Take a quiz on this video here: http://www.engvid.com/speak-english-naturally-by-using-filler-phrases/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. My name is Benjamin. Have you ever had a problem when you didn't quite have the words to say to someone when talking in English? I have that when I'm trying to speak French. So in one of my earlier lessons, I was talking about trying to buy a train ticket in London. Imagine that the man says back to me, "Where do I want to go?" I don't know the name of the train station, so I say, "It sort of -- it's sort of got a big wheel. It's got a big wheel, and it's in London. It's like -- it's, like, in the middle of the map. It's kind of busy, busy place in the middle of London." Trying to describe. So I can use "sort of"; I can use "like"; and I can use "kind of" and then try and describe it. Okay? So the man, he then says to me, "Do you mean the airport, son?" And I'm like, "No. No. Not the airport. I want to go to -- I can't remember the name. No, actually..." So these are all ways of showing a different opinion. "Actually, no. It's in the middle of London. It's by a big river. The river Thames. Or I could say, "as a matter of fact, no. I don't want to go to the airport." Or, "To be honest, I want to stay in the center. It's Zone 1." Okay? Or a very similar way of saying "to be honest" would be "to be frank". It means "honest" as well. So I could say, "To be frank with you, I want to go to the place with the big wheel and the river." Okay? Or, "In fact, I really want to go to the place with the national theatre." Okay? Or last one, "The fact of the matter is I'm not going to the airport now." Okay? These are all ways of showing opinions. "Actually", "as a matter of fact", "to be honest". This one is really juicy, nice one, "the fact of the matter is". You'll sound very important if you say that. So the man, he still doesn't understand. What else do I have to say to him to get him to understand me? So I could say, "Well, how shall I put it? Uh, it's got a huge wheel." Or, "What's the word I'm looking for? Um..." It's "Waterloo", by the way. Or, "How can I explain this? It's on the black train line. It's on the northern line. It's right in the middle." Okay? Similar to there -- other ways of, kind of, explaining it, trying to find the meaning. The trainman, he's getting very annoyed with me, and he starts shouting at me. So I take cover. That was a very nasty thing to say. I'm now very upset with this man. These are little introductions to threats, to arguments, to entering an argument. Okay? "What's the best way to put this? You are very unhelpful." "You are an idiot." Or less aggressive, I could say, "What I'm trying to say is you are a bad ticket man, and I just want to go to my favourite place in London." Or, "Now, let me put it this way. If you continue, I will go to your boss." Okay? So these are little pauses while I think of what I'm going to say next. "What's the best way to put this?" To put. "To put", there, means "to say". "What's the best way to say this?" "What I'm trying to say is..." And "now". "Now" is quite a control word. If I say "now", then I have control of the conversation. Over to here. Brian, my ticket man, now starts yapping, talking. So I need him to stop. Okay? So I say, "Now, look here, Brian. I want my ticket." Or, "Right, then, Brian. That's great, but..." okay? Or -- Brian is still talking. I say, "Okay. That's fine, Brian, but I just want to go to -- and now, I remember. I remember. Waterloo, the place with the big wheel and the river. Thank you." So these are all ways of think about what you're saying, and then you say it. Okay? Great. Thanks for watching the video, and do take part in the quiz. Bye. I'm off to Waterloo.
Learn English Grammar: The 2nd Conditional: WOULD & COULD
The second conditional allows us to talk about possible future results. In this lesson, you will learn how to use "would" and "could" to express a desired outcome for the future. There is a famous song that says, "If I were a rich man, I would..." These lyrics will allow you to easily remember the formula to express yourself in the second conditional. Now, if I were you, I would watch this video and do the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/the-2nd-conditional-would-could/ Don't forget to watch my other conditional videos: FIRST CONDITIONAL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HILBmukYNZM SECOND CONDITIONAL (this video): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aCM633yN5V4 THIRD CONDITIONAL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zAthFgcjmVY ZERO CONDITIONAL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c7rxcDuZgN4 TRANSCRIPT "If I were a rich man, yibby dibby dibby dibby dibby dibby dibby dum." Good afternoon, good evening, good morning. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. Today we are doing the second conditional. It's my favourite conditional, because it's the conditional we use when we're talking about possible, but things that are dreams. The conditional for the dreamer. So, what are we going to talk about? This is a tense where it's kind of... It's saying: "If I had this, I would go and do this." We're going to run through the formula of how to use the tense, we're going to look at a popular song that uses this tense, and then we're going to start using it for ourselves. I hope that's clear. Let's get cracking. Now, I like playing cricket. I want a £200 cricket bat, but unfortunately, I only have £100. Hmm, that's where I use the f-word. So, I write: "If I had £200 I would buy the bat." Okay? If I had £200, I would definitely buy the bat. No decision. I have already made my decision. But right now I do not have £200. I'm saying if I did have it. If I had £200, this is what I would do, I would buy the bat. Another way of saying it would be... A different meaning: "If I had £200 I could buy the bat." So, this way, buying the bat, it's an option, it's something I could decide to do, but I haven't definitely committed to buying it. If I had £200, sure, I could buy the bat, but I'm not saying that I will buy it. There's more power here in the "could". So, how does this tense work? What's the magic formula? "If" plus the past simple, your verb in the past simple... So, here, we had: "If I had", so that's a past simple tense of "have", yeah? "Avoir" in French. "If I had" and then the conditional tense. And here, we're looking at sort of: "could", "would", "should", plus your verb in the infinitive. So: "If I had £200, I should buy the bat. You know, it'd be rude not to, really, wouldn't it?" Or: "I could buy the bat, but I might not, too." Or: "I would buy the bat." Yeah? So, "would" is kind of a little bit more desperate. "Could" is like: "Yeah, you know, maybe." And "should" is like: "Yes, that's the right thing to do." Okay? And then you've got your verb in the infinitive. "I would buy", okay? So we've got the verb "to buy" the bat, but we don't need "to". You don't need "to", so it's just the form of the verb in the infinitive without "to". "If I had I would". Now, you kind of flip this on its head and put it in a slightly different word order. You could have your conditional tense followed by "if", followed by past simple. So, here, it would be: "I could buy the bat if I had £200." Yeah? So you're just flipping it around. It works, obviously, with: "could", "would", and "should". "I should buy the bat"... No, it doesn't really work with "should", that's crap. "I would buy the bat if I had £200." Okay? So you can use it this way or this way; the choice is yours. "If" plus a condition gets a result. "If", past simple, "I would". Okay? Now, you kind of flip this on its head and put it in a slightly different word order. You could have your conditional tense followed by "if", followed by past simple. So, here, it would be: "I could buy the bat if I had £200." Yeah? So you're just flipping it around. It works, obviously, with: "could", "would", and "should". "I should buy the bat"... No, it doesn't really work with "should", that's crap. "I would buy the bat if I had £200." Okay? So you can use it this way or this way; the choice is yours. "If" plus a condition gets a result. "If", past simple, "I would". Okay?
Learn English Grammar: has, have, have got
http://www.engvid.com/ Do you know when to use 'have' and 'have got'? In this English grammar lesson, I'll teach you how to use the verb 'have' correctly. Many students who are learning English make mistakes with 'have', 'has', 'have got'. In this lesson, you will learn which tenses to use these with, and how to build correct sentences with these words. I'll also teach you the differences in usage between British and American English. When you're finished watching, practice using 'have' and 'have got' in my quiz. If you'd like more practice, please comment with your own 'have' and 'have got' sentences! Take the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/has-have-have-got/ TRANSCRIPT: Hello, engVid viewers. Welcome back. Today, we're doing a lesson on: "have" and "have got", and the differences between these two grammatical constructions, and when we use them. Okay? So I'm going to be talking through the different uses of: "have" and "have got", which tenses we can use, whether it's past, present, or future, and then looking at the form; exactly how we make sentences using: "have" or "have got". As a generalization, here in the UK, we prefer to say: "has got" rather than "has". Missing a little mark there. So, I might say: "David Cameron has got an important job." Whereas in the US, they might say: "Barack Obama has an important job." Okay? So that's just a small little difference you might want to think about. It's not important though, don't worry too much about it. When we're talking about the possessive, when we're talking about things you own-okay?-property, you can use both: "have" and "have got". So, for example: "My friend, Joanna, has got a beautiful house." Or I could use: "have". "Billy has a big horse." Okay? So I can use both: "has got" and "has". Yeah? Pretty, pretty plain sailing? Obviously, if it's not "he", so this is "he", if it was kind of "they", then it would be: "They have a big horse." A big horse. Now, how do I ask questions about the possessive? Well, if I'm using: "have", I take this form: "Do you have a carrot?" Because Billy's horse is hungry. Okay? "Do you have", and then my object here. "Do you have?" If I'm using: "have got", then I put "have" and this is kind of my subject. "Have you got a mortgage?" Okay? So: "Do you have...?" or: "Have you got...?" Okay? Something to remember. "Do you have...?" or: "Have you got...?" Now, when I'm using actions: "have" I use when I'm talking about something that is a habit. For example: "I usually have a shower after going to the gym." Okay? "I usually have Weetabix in the morning." So these are things that I do quite often. "Have got", it's slightly different when I'm talking about an action and "have got". So: "I have got to go to the toilet after this lesson." Okay? "I have got to go to the bank tomorrow.", "I have got to telephone my mother and say: 'Blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah', about Christmas." Okay?
The RP English Accent – What is it, how does it sound, and who uses it?
In this lesson, you will learn about "Received Pronunciation", or "RP" for short. It's also known as "BBC English", "Oxford English", and "The Queen's English". I'll teach you what this accent means and signifies in England today. You may be surprised to learn that it's not entirely positive. Some people even try to hide their RP accent. I will also give you the history of RP. You'll learn where it comes from and how it developed. You will be able to hear for yourself what this accent sounds like, and how it has changed over time. Check my channel for lots more videos about accent, speaking, and other aspects of English: https://www.youtube.com/user/EnglishBenjamin/videos Go to EngVid for over 1000 more free English lesson videos: https://www.engvid.com/the-rp-english-accent/ TRANSCRIPT Hi there. I'm going to be talking to you today about Received Pronunciation, often shortened to "RP", which is an accent of Great Britain, probably most widely taught as the accent that you're meant to learn in language schools around the world. So I'm going to be talking about the relevance, the place of RP who actually speaks with an RP accent in Britain. Okay, so RP is defined as the regionally neutral middle-class accent of England. Regionally neutral. What that means is by hearing this accent I don't know where in the UK the speaker is from. So they might be from Devon, Wales, London, Yorkshire, anywhere. This accent is not from a particular place. Now, it has also been called over the last 50-100 years the Queen's English because people assume that the Queen speaks with Received Pronunciation. She actually doesn't. The Queen speaks in a very unique accent, which differs from Received Pronunciation. She has a very smart accent. It's not quite the same. BBC English, yes there did used to be a time when most of the news presenters on the BBC were required to have a Received Pronunciation accent, but now society has changed and it is more inclusive, so people from different parts of the United Kingdom, people who have gone to less privileged schools are able to get jobs in the BBC and all other sectors and industries. It's also referred to as Oxford English. So there was a time 30-40 years ago when all the professors at Oxford and when all the students at Oxford and Cambridge would speak with RP. But again, that's changed and there is a drive in schools to try and get the best school... The best students from the government schools into these top universities. What is it, Benjamin? It's an accent. Okay? It's used with Standard English. So if someone is using a lot of slang, a lot of abbreviation, mixing where their words are from, from rap music and stuff, that wouldn't be Standard English. It avoids slang and dialect. Dialect is the language particular to a certain place. For example, a West Country dialect would be particular words from that place. This accent reveals, shows someone's background. Okay? So it shows what kind of life they have had so far. It doesn't show where they are from in the United Kingdom. In fact, only 2 to 3% of the UK population have this accent. You might be wondering: "Do you have this accent, Benjamin?" and the answer to that is: To some degree, but not entirely. So my accent has influences from some Estuary English, and it sort of depends who I am speaking to as to how... How my accent is placed. I'm from Devon and sometimes I will veer towards a Devonian sound, but most of the time I will sound like someone from the southeast of England because that is where I have lived most. So, a history of this accent. In the... Up until the 20th century this accent was associated with wealth and power, but then after World War II society changed in the United Kingdom. We had a Labour Government for the first time, the NHS was created, and people started getting different types of jobs. They started getting better jobs, you started getting a mix of people. And with that, regional accents have become more important. In fact, some people like to disguise an RP accent, so they'll start trying to speak a little bit like this, and start dropping their t's, and say: "Lil" and "innit" and stuff. I'm exaggerating, but it does have negative connotations, the RP accent so some people try to change their voice to fit in. Still not sure what it is? Well, it's speaking in clipped, precise tones. Okay? It sounds quite a sort of serious accent. Maybe some people feel that it sounds quite cold. How has it evolved? It's not the same accent, Received Pronunciation, that it was a hundred years ago. Okay? The accent changes, just as an accent from Yorkshire, or from Wales, and Ireland will change over time. It's not a fixed: This is the accent. How it's been changed recently? The long vowel sounds have become shortened. Why is that? To... As a feeling of self-protection. You don't want to expose yourself by speaking in this ridiculous manner.
Writing & Punctuation: How to use COLONS & SEMICOLONS
Using proper English punctuation shows that you are a sophisticated and intelligent writer. Also, using punctuation improperly can often change the meaning of your sentence. In this lesson, I will teach you how to use two key punctuation marks: the colon and semicolon. The colon is made of two dots and has three uses in writing. The semicolon is made up of a dot and comma and has three different uses in writing. Even native English speakers often use these punctuation marks improperly. But I guarantee that after watching this video, you will master them fully. You'll even get a chance to practise by doing the quiz afterwards at https://www.engvid.com/writing-punctuation-how-to-use-colons-semicolons/ Next, why don't you watch my lesson on how to be a better writer: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pHdzv1NfZRM&t=0s&index=7&list=PLpRs5DzS7VqpcTS7hXJU4ARPwSETGI1gy TRANSCRIPT Welcome back to engVid with me, Benjamin. Today's lesson is a writing one that is going to really show that you are a sophisticated writer. That means that you are intelligent and that you've got a good understanding of English grammar because you can use these two key punctuation marks. Introducing on my right the semi-colon. Looks a little bit like this, comma with a full stop on top (;), and on my left the colon. No, I'm not talking about your posterior; I am talking about this: Dot, dot (:). Okay. First the semi-colon. What's it used for? A semi-colon is used to replace a conjunction or full stop. Okay? So rather than lots of boring, short sentences, I spice things up by putting in a semi-colon. What it does is it connects two closely related ideas. So, instead of saying: "They love chocolate."-full stop-"I can't stand it." or: "They love chocolate, and I can't stand it", you put a semi-colon in there. It just... It just gives it better effect. It's just... It's just more interesting the way it sounds and the way it looks on the page. Second way in which we use a semi-colon: To separate items in a list. For example, this is talking about a pudding that I'm making, a dessert if you don't use this English word, here. "For the pudding, I need:" Okay? Spot the colon; we'll talk about that in a moment. Now we are putting the semi-colons to separate the ingredients for the pudding. "Berries, fresh summer ones;" okay? So that's one... It's the berries, this is the description of the berries. Okay? I put the semi-colon after I finish talking about the berries. "...milk", now let's give a little bit of detail about the milk: "full-fat milk;" always tastier. Okay? Put a semi-colon after that. "...a new whisk, because I stood on the last", okay? "...and", okay? So we don't need a semi-colon here because we're using "and", and then you put the final secret ingredient. Let's move over to the colon. Colons introduce lists, like we have just seen here: "This is what I need for my pudding:" dong, dong dong, now I'm going to put my list. Colons isolate words to create emphasis. "He knew what he was feeling: fear." You might want to have a look at my lesson on suspense and tension writing, because we cover lots of sentences like this. Colons also introduce quotes. So if you're doing an academic essay, and you're saying: "Idea, idea, idea, idea, idea", oo, now I need to take someone else's idea and write, and sort of put it in speech marks. Before you use that person's words, yup, you use the colon. Okay? So if I was writing an essay about Shakespeare, just before I used Shakespeare's words, I would put the colon. Okay, we're going to look at a passage now and we're going to think about when we should use a semi-colon and when we should use a colon. So here we are with a little passage that I have just written for you. I'll read it out to you. As I'm reading it, I want you to think of where the semi-colons and colons should go. "You need to do three things to be successful in English, practice with native speakers, learn and revise your vocab, and master your grammar. It helps enormously to visit the U.K., you'll understand the culture. Together we can achieve fluency, together we can grow." Hmm. What do we think about that? Okay, so let's have a look. "You need to do three things to be successful in English", and then it starts saying what those things are. So what we have here is the start of a list. Remember: If you're introducing a list, you need to put a colon. There we are, a colon to introduce my list. Now we have three things that we need to do to get better at English. What do we do to separate items in a list? That's right, you put your semi-colon, so we'll just put a dot there, one there, and then you don't need one here. "It helps enormously to visit the U.K., you'll understand the culture." So, this here we're starting an explanation, we're giving an important reason, so I would say that a colon is required there. […]
IELTS Speaking: The Secret Method
To get a good level in your IELTS Speaking, you need to speak MORE! That means you need to extend your answers. In this quick lesson, I'll give you an easy way to make simple sentences into more complex, impressive ones by using RELATIVE CLAUSES. If you're not taking the IELTS, you can still use this method to take your spoken English to a higher level. http://www.engvid.com/ielts-speaking-the-secret-method/ http://www.GoodLuckIELTS.com/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, there. Welcome to EngVid. Today, we are looking at how to maximize your points on IELTS speaking tests, in particular one and three. I'm going to be giving you some very valuable tips for how to make the most and how to do your very best in these tests. So what do you need to do? You need to answer with a little bit more detail. You need to extend your answers a little bit, okay? Answer the question that they ask. Okay. It doesn't matter if you prepare something and they don't -- they ask a question that your answer is no good for, drop it. You have to make an effort to answer their question. Now, today, we're going to be looking at using some relative pronouns and some relative adverbs to lengthen out your sentences a little bit, okay? So extending your answers, answering the question. As you may be aware, IELTS speaking tests one and three, they're particularly looking for you to give information about yourself, to tell people about yourself, okay? So I'm saying that these pronouns and adverbs are going to be particularly helpful. So these pronouns you put in the middle of sentences to continue the sentence and give a bit more. So you'd use "who" to describe people. "The person I met who is a shopkeeper" -- "The person I went to school with who is now a famous movie star" -- okay? So "who", when you're giving more information about the person, okay, who's doing something, who's the subject. Okay? You can also use "whom", but it's not so common. "Whom" would be the indirect version of this, someone who's not doing something. Now, you'd use that when you're describing things. Okay? "I went to Bath on Saturday. That was a fantastic place to visit." Okay? So I'm describing the activity of going to a place. Okay? Bath itself. So? So it's a proper noun. "Which" I can throw in there when I want to also describe things in a sorted of non-defining clause sense. "The film which I saw on Saturday was really good." Okay? You can get some more information on this on another one of our videos. "Whose" when I'm describing a possession. So, "The car I drove whose owner was Charlie" -- okay? So I'm describing an element of possession. Okay? Now, looking on to the relative adverbs. I can use "when" when I'm talking about times. "I went to school when I was aged 13 to 18." Yeah? I can use "where" when I'm talking about the place that something happened. So "I went to the actor's temple, where I learnt a lot about acting." Okay? So giving more information about that particular place. I can use "why" -- I mean, "why" normally results in a question. It's difficult to include "why" and then end in a full stop. So you could say, "I decided to cross the road today. Why do you think that is? Well, I went to go and buy some food." Now, I'm going to put some examples here to show you how we can use these. "I went to school with Charlie who" -- okay, so now the next bit gives more information about the person, okay? -- "the man who helped me pass my driving test who" -- so I'm giving even more information about this person -- "now lives in a place in the north of England." "I enjoyed playing" -- "I played football at school, which was fun." So "which" there is talking about, you know, the activity as I mentioned here. "The teacher whose expertise" -- so I'm talking about the skill that that teacher had. Possessive, okay? -- "the teacher whose expertise helped me pass my exam." Now, I hope I've shed a little light. I know some of these might be unfamiliar to you. Should we just have a quick recap of this? So I'm going to use "who" when I'm describing people. "The person I went to school with, who is now doing well. The person I met at the shop, who was a very nice person." Okay? So these are kind of small little chunks that you kind of put on to the end of the sentence. Yeah? "The place that I went today was really great." So "that I went today" is the extra bit of information. "Which" -- "The sandwich, which I had at lunch, was really good." So "had at lunch" is that little bit more information. "The car, whose owner I really like, was very good to drive." So if you've got a sentence, you're putting in a little bit more information here, and then finishing it here, okay? "The car, whose owner I really like, drives fast." Okay? So you'd separate it with two commas.
Learn English Grammar: How to use the 3rd conditional
Do you wish your life were different? In today's English grammar lesson, you'll learn how to talk about the present if the past had been different. We often use the 3rd conditional to talk about our regrets and the life lessons we've learned. To use the third conditional, we use the past perfect tense with the past participle form of the verb. I'll teach you the sentence structure so you can recognize and build these sentences yourself. I'll also give you lots of example sentences, so you'll be confident using the third conditional when you're speaking or writing in English. Make sure you understood the lesson. Take the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/learn-english-grammar-how-to-use-the-3rd-conditional/ Watch my videos on the other conditionals in English: FIRST CONDITIONAL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HILBmukYNZM SECOND CONDITIONAL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aCM633yN5V4 ZERO CONDITIONAL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c7rxcDuZgN4 TRANSCRIPT Today I am sad. I am full of regret. Uhh. Yes, that's right, today we're doing the third conditional. This is the conditional tense of regret, wishing that the past was different. I'm sure, girls, you're not guilty of that. Right. We're going to be looking at the third conditional and obviously how to use it. Hopefully it will add interest to the way in which you speak, and in which you write. Firstly, I'd like you to think of an event that you feel bad about. Okay? So thinking back in your mind to something that you did that wasn't very good. Okay? So it was something in the past that has started and it's finished. Okay? Like: Yesterday I kissed a parrot and I was very sick. Okay? So it's something... Something I regret and I feel really bad about it. And things would have been different if I hadn't kissed this parrot. How would things have been different? Well, I wouldn't have been sick. Okay? So, this is how we use the third conditional: "If I hadn't", okay? "Had not", this is the past perfect here, "had". "If I had not kissed a parrot I wouldn't"-would not-"have been ill." Okay? The thing is we can't change the past, but we're looking back at the past here and going: "Oh, if I hadn't done that, things would have been a little bit different." That is the purpose of this tense. Okay? So, what is the magic formula for this tense? Well, we use "if" plus past perfect. Okay? So that's the... Basically it's like the "had" plus "ed" is probably an easy way of thinking it. "If I had smiled more, I might have got laid." I don't know. "If I had worked harder", no, that's crap. "If I had", yeah, no, no, it's good, it's good because we' got the "ed" so past perfect. Yeah "If I..." Sorry. "If" plus past perfect plus "could", or "would", or "should have", and then past participle. So if it's a regular verb, obviously looking at your "ed"; if it's not, then check your irregular verb forms. Okay? "If" past perfect, "could" or "would" plus "have" plus past perfect. Okay, so: "If", past perfect, "had kissed", "could" or "would", well, I've got my "would" here, and then "have", and then past participle, obviously, the verb "be" is irregular. Now, we often use the negative forms, here, so you're kind of adding on your "not" after your, you know, into your past perfect structure. Okay? Ask me if you're a bit confused. I can help. I have magic powers to help you. So another way of putting this, another way of... You know, you've got your two phrases. Yeah? If we look here we have: "If" plus past perfect, plus "could" or "would", plus "have", plus past participle. We can change the order of this to: "could" or "would" plus "have", plus past participle, plus "if", plus past perfect. So, I could change this order around to: "I wouldn't have been ill if I hadn't kissed the parrot." Okay? Obviously we're putting in the negative there. Okay? So just a different... Slightly different way of playing it. I'm going to give you lots of opportunity to practice this by doing the quiz later, but just a couple of examples using this first form. Don't know if any of you have been listening to English nursery rhymes, they're little songs we listen to when we're kids here. But I'm referring to these here. "If Mary had a little lamb, we would have had a farm." Okay? So, "if", and then we have our past perfect, "had", and then "we would have had..." Okay? If this had happened, we would have... But she didn't have a little lamb, so there was no farm. Okay? Remember we can't change the past. We're just looking back and asking for it to be a little bit different. "If Humpty Dumpty hadn't had a fall, I wouldn't have spent the day picking him up." Okay? So this one I'm using the negative here. "If Humpty Dumpty had"... "Had, had"-so, past perfect-"a fall, I wouldn't have spent". Okay? There's my past participle of "to spend the day picking him up".
Learn English Grammar: Zero Conditional
"When you study and practice, your English gets better." This sentence uses the "zero conditional". It expresses a direct relationship between an action and a reaction. This sentence type is used often if daily life and when talking about scientific facts. For example: "If you boil water, it turns into steam." In this quick lesson, I'll explain the structure of these sentences and show you the different ways you can use the zero conditional. Watch my videos on the other conditionals in English: FIRST CONDITIONAL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HILBmukYNZM SECOND CONDITIONAL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aCM633yN5V4 THIRD CONDITIONAL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zAthFgcjmVY Take the quiz on this lesson: http://www.engvid.com/learn-english-grammar-zero-conditional/ TRANSCRIPT Hello. We're doing the zero conditional today. It's a useful grammatical structure in English. Perhaps it's used for, particularly to those who are rules-based people, who like knowing that A is going to result in B. My little nephew is like this. Hi, Alex. So, we're doing the zero conditional. And this is about something that is generally true, like a scientific fact. If I press the toilet button, it flushes. Okay? "If", condition, result. "If I do", "If I play, this happens." So this is in present simple, and the result also in the present simple. "If you heat ice, it melts." So it's like a scientific fact, it's like something... This always happens in this same way. The condition always has the same result. Now, the result, this bit here, it can also be in the imperative rather than the present simple. So, I've put a little example here: "If you do..." "If you visit Devon,"-a place in the southwest of England-"go to Chagford." Where I was born. Okay? It's a great place. So, it's like "go to", it's an imperative. I'm telling you to do that. So this is a structure of command. "If you arrive late to my class again, you", and then I'm going to need to... "You will have to go to the head master." Okay? It's the condition equals the result. It's always the same. So if you're late, you have to go to the head master. Okay? Condition, result, always the same relationship between the two. Now, we can have a couple of different, alternative options here. Instead of "if" we could also use "when" or "unless". I've written that unless... You know when... When's talking about time, obviously. But "unless" means kind of if not, followed by the condition and result. Condition always in the present. So: "Unless if not he proposes", obviously that's quite weird, formal English. The translation would be something like... Or the simplification: "If he does not propose to marry you,"-to propose to marry you. Would you like to marry me?-"refuse to go on holiday with him again." Okay? So: "refuse to go", there you've got your imperative. Okay? Now, we can change the order and put the result before the condition, and throw in a bit of "if" and "when" and "unless" right there in the middle just to mix things up, mix the bowl up. So, the result here is at the beginning. "The boss, my leader, the person who is in charge is angry"-again, notice present tense-"when I dance on my table." Obviously, "when" could also be replaced by "if" there. "...if I dance on my table". So, "when" would imply that I maybe dance on my table quite a lot. But "if", I'm so scared of my boss that I don't want to dance on my table. And "unless" would change it, so you'd have to have probably a different condition there. "The boss is angry unless I stay seated." Okay, so let's just have another quick recap. Something that's generally true, like a scientific fact, like: "If I cross the road without looking, I get knocked over." Sorry, that's what the traffic's like in London. Pay attention. Look to your left, look to your right before it's safe to go. "If", condition, result. Present simple, present simple unless we're using the imperative. "You will go to Chagford if you visit Devon." And then we can mix in a bit of "when" and "unless", meaning changing the positive, negative affirmation, so: "Unless he proposes to marry you," blah, blah, blah, this will be the result. This will always be the result unless you do this. And then you can also have the result here and the condition here. The boss is angry if you don't do the quiz right now and subscribe to my YouTube channel, and check out Exquisite English. Good night. God bless. See ya next time.
Learn English Grammar: The First Conditional
Improve your grammar! The first conditional is used to express a decision you might make or an event that might happen on a condition. For example, "If you watch this video, you will become very clever!" In this lesson, I will teach you how to create first conditional sentences using verbs you already know in the present and future simple tenses. It will be very useful in your conversations with others. You will be able to create scary threats or sound like a really wise person who can predict the future! After watching, don't forget to do the quiz to test your understanding. http://www.engvid.com/learn-english-grammar-the-first-conditional/ Watch my video on the 2nd conditional here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aCM633yN5V4 THIRD CONDITIONAL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zAthFgcjmVY ZERO CONDITIONAL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c7rxcDuZgN4 TRANSCRIPT Hi, guys. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. Today we're going to be looking at the first conditional. It's a really useful, little phrase to throw into your conversations. It's quite simple as well, just using sort of simple presentation... Present tenses and simple future tenses to... It's basically describing a decision that you might make. So, if this happens, I will do that. So, it's kind of... It's a good one to learn, because it can give you a bit more, sort of, freedom. You know, if someone asks you to do something, you can say: "Well, yeah, maybe, mate, but if this happens, I'm going to do that." Or in a business environment, it could work well as well. So, first conditional. We're talking about a possible or a probable situation in the future. Okay? So: "You will speak better English if you watch all of my YouTube videos." That comes with a guarantee. Okay? So, here, we have: "you watch". What tense is that? Present, yeah, simple present. Okay? "If you watch", and then: "You will speak better". "Will speak", that's in the future, isn't it? So, we've got our future, what's going to happen in the future if you do this. If you do this... And so, it can work both way around, okay? You could have the simple present, and then the simple future; or you could have the simple future, and then the simple present. Here, we've got the future first: You will do this if, in the present, you do this. Future, and then present; or present, and then future. Okay, so let's look at this little example, here. "Now", you guys... You're slackers. You haven't watched all of my YouTube videos. What's going on? Where have you been? This is the situation now. "You haven't watched all of them", and the future, well, it depends on your actions right here, right now. Okay? So, now you haven't watched all of them, and we've got a possible/probable situation in the future that, you know, you might speak better English if you watch them. Right. "If" plus "simple present" plus "simple future", plus our base verb, like: "run", "catch", "enjoy", "love", "smile". Yeah? Another example. "If it rains", quite likely in London. "If it rains I will stay at home." That's a bit boring. Obviously, "will"... Well, not obviously; you might not know. "Will", you could also replace it with "shall" or "can" or "may". "If it rains I shall stay at home." Very strong, decided. Yeah? "If it rains I can stay at home." A bit weird. Probably "can" is going to work better with another example, like: "If... If she pisses me off I can always listen to my Walkman." Okay? Yeah? Or, replacing "will" with "may": "If it rains I may put my anorak on." Okay? This is talking about a future thing. This is your future bit, the "shall", "can", "may"; that's the future bit. Yeah? Great. I've put up a little song, here. "I Will Survive" by Gloria Gaynor. I won't trouble your ears with me singing it, but let's have a little look at the song. "Oh, no, not I, I will survive, Oh as long as I know how to love I'll stay alive." Let's look at this bit first: "Oh, no, not I", okay so that's kind of... Just getting my... She's not really saying anything there, so we'll kind of rub that bit off. "I will survive", that's obviously in the future, isn't it? "Oh as long as", there's not really anything there. "I will survive, if", okay, so "as" is replacing "is", here. If she knows how to love. And then she's kind of repeating herself, so we'll just go like that. Okay? So, we've got the future bit and then the present bit. "I will survive, if I know how to love." Yeah? Yeah. Let's have a look at the next bit: "I've got all my life to live", yup, true. "I've got all my love to give, and I'll survive." Now, it is still actually the first conditional, although she's missing the "if". She's being naughty, isn't she? There's no "if". "I've got all my life to live", let's go like that. "I've got all my love to give", so she's basically saying: "I will survive if I give my love." Okay? I'm going to... You know, it's not quite spelt out there. "I will survive"-that's in the future-"if I give my love to you".
Real English: KITCHEN and COOKING Vocabulary
Food, can't live without it. In this lesson, you will learn common kitchen and cooking vocabulary like "fry", "saucepan", "season", "grind", and more. Watch this video to be able to talk about your cooking, and learn an old recipe at the same time. You won't be tested on your cooking skills, but take the quiz to test your understanding of the lesson! http://www.engvid.com/real-english-kitchen-cooking-vocabulary/ TRANSCRIPT Benjamin: Hi there, and welcome back. Today we are using the vocabulary of cooking; foods and ways of cooking, and we're going to learn to create a dish whilst practicing our English. So, what are we cooking today? Speaker 2: Well, we are starting by making a sauce for some spaghetti bolognese. And here, I have some chorizo from Spain, which I'm actually going to fry with these onions which I've already started frying with some olive oil. Benjamin: Perfect. So, this is quite a low heat, a small heat at the moment. Is that right? Speaker 2: Yes, it is. We don't want it to be too high, in case... Benjamin: What? The heat. Not too hot. Speaker 2: The heat. Not too hot, in case the chorizo burns or the onions burn. Benjamin: Chorizo, that's the meat. Okay? Speaker 2: The meat. It's a Spanish meat. You can't ever have enough chorizo. Benjamin: Sorry if you're vegetarian. We'll do a vegetarian one next time. So, we are stirring. Yeah? That's mixing, isn't it? Speaker 2: And this is a frying pan. Benjamin: And it's on... What is it on? It's on top of a... Speaker 2: A hob. Benjamin: A hob. It's an electric hob that is providing the heat. So, how long do we stir it for? Speaker 2: Well, we are going to stir it and cook this until the chorizo is nice and crunchy. Benjamin: Hard, little hard. Speaker 2: And I'm also going to be adding some garlic. I'm going to add some garlic to... Benjamin: Great. Let's chop the garlic. Speaker 2: Yes, and you can do this over the top... Benjamin: These are very thin slices, thin. Speaker 2: Of the frying pan. Okay? Thin slices of garlic. The reason we add the garlic at the end is so that it doesn't burn, because garlic takes less time... Benjamin: A little time. Speaker 2: To cook than onions and chorizo. Benjamin: She must be careful with her fingers, because it is a sharp knife. Speaker 2: Very. Now, later, we're going to be adding the spaghetti bolognese... Sorry, not the spaghetti bolognese. Benjamin: The spaghetti. Speaker 2: The spaghetti, the spaghetti, not the sauce, to the hot boiling water. So... Benjamin: Boiling, when it has bubbles. Okay? Little bubble, bubble, bubble. Then we put the spaghetti in. Speaker 2: Yes. And as we... And I'm sure you know, it takes about 10 to 15 minutes for the spaghetti to cook, and then we will put it into this sieve to drain it. Benjamin: Great. Wow. Speaker 2: So maybe you can come back later, Benjamin. Benjamin: Yeah, maybe we'll come back later when the water is ready for the spaghetti. I'll go and get the spaghetti. Okay. Speaker 2: I'm going to add a few herbs. This is thyme-okay?-which we grew earlier this year. Okay? So it smells really nice. It smells a little bit like lemon. So we add this herb to the sauce once... Well, once we've added the garlic. Okay? And you can never have enough garlic-okay?-in a sauce, so I'm going to add a little bit more. But I will see you later, once we get the spaghetti going. Benjamin: So, welcome back, and we've put the spaghetti in, and it's boiling in the water. It's heating. It's getting hotter in the water. The spaghetti. The spaghetti is cooking, isn't it? Speaker 2: It is. And here is my sieve. Benjamin: This is a sieve. Speaker 2: And it's ready to be sieved. Okay? Benjamin: To drain, to be drained. Speaker 2: So, Benji, if you'd like to hold the sieve over the sink and I will now pour... Benjamin: Careful. It's hot water. Speaker 2: Spaghetti. Benjamin: I'm sure you've all cooked spaghetti before. Speaker 2: Yeah, everybody knows how to do this. Okay. And now if you could pop that on top of the sauce pan, Benji? Benjamin: I'll just drain the water a little bit, get rid of the water. Like that? Speaker 2: Yes. Benjamin: Great. Speaker 2: Thank you. Okay, so as you can see, it's steaming. It's very, very hot. Benjamin: Steaming. Speaker 2: This is called steam. Benjamin: This, this stuff here, this is hot, it's coming off, steaming, yeah. Speaker 2: Steaming. Okay, so now I'm going to move this over here to my plates... Are ready for my guests. Here's the sauce. Benjamin: We have some herbs, some green leaves, some herbs in here. Speaker 2: This herb is actually called, because we put thyme in before from this plant here, this herb is called coriander. Okay? Benjamin: A bit of that, mm-hmm. Speaker 2: Okay, brilliant. Now, if I just open my drawer here, I'm going to get... Benjamin: This is a drawer, a drawer, a drawer. Mm-hmm.
Mouth exercises for CLEAR SPEECH
Learn the secret exercises actors use to speak with a clear and crisp voice. Improving your pronunciation and spoken English isn't just about learning theory. You can make yourself more understood by simply training your mouth muscles so that you can produce the sounds of English properly. After all, if you've been speaking another language your whole life, your mouth and tongue are probably trained in a different way, to make the sounds of that language, not English. In this video, I'll go through many exercises you can do to get your mouth used to making the sounds of English clearly. This will improve your accent, clarity, and make you a better English speaker. WATCH THESE VIDEOS NEXT: 1. SPEAK AS CLEARLY AS AN ACTOR: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AQNMCgKvOk0 2. SOUND MORE FLUENT IN ENGLISH: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xNxbqVaDItg 3. THE RP ACCENT: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PcIX-U5w5Ws TRANSCRIPT Hi there and welcome back to engVid. Today's lesson is to make sure that you are understood, because you could learn all the vocabulary in the world, but if you're not being understood by speaking clearly, then there's very little point. So today's lesson is to teach you a few exercises to ensure that your speech is as crisp and clear as possible. Now, I've got a number of exercises which I've written up on the board which are to help strengthen the muscles in your face and your mouth to help your speech become clear. Now, the words, and sentences, and phrases written up here are not meant to make sense. Okay? So this is not a language lesson. If you're not sure of what a word means, then I suggest look it up in a dictionary, but it may be a word that is not currently used in English, contemporary English. And the other thing I wanted to point out is that it's not just going to be by watching this video that you become clear. I will show you a number of exercises, but if you really want to take it to a next level, you will have to go off and see a voice teacher who will then be able to say to you: "You need to focus on your s sounds", or: "You need to focus on your d sounds", but then you have these exercises to help you. I hope that's clear. Okay, so I will go through this once slowly, and then I'll do it at full speed. The aim with these articulation exercises is to go nice and slowly so that you're getting each sound correctly, and then to start doing it as fast as you can, because that really works the muscles. Okay? So, in the top left of your screen you'll see this is an exercises for... An exercise for s sounds, p sounds, c sounds, and to some extent, b and d as well. Ready? Let's go. "To sit in solemn silence in a dull, dark, dock. In a pestilential prison with a life-long lock. Awaiting the sensation of a short, sharp, shock. From a cheap and chippy chopper on a big, black block." Okay. I'll now do this at full speed. "To sit in solemn silence in a dull, dark, dock. In a pestilential prison with a life-long lock. Awaiting the sensation of a short, sharp, shock. From a cheap and chippy chopper on a big, black block." Okay? And on to our t and d sounds. So, t and d is used with the tongue going up towards what is called the alveolar ridge in your mouth. So you should feel your tongue going up to get this sound correctly. Again, slowly and then at full speed. "In tooting two tutors astute tried to toot a duke on a flute. But duets so gruelling and only in duelling when tutors astute toot the flute." That should say "toot", let's put another t there. Again. "In tooting two tutors astute tried to toot a duke on a flute. But duets so gruelling and only in duelling when tutors astute toot the flute." Weird. Okay, and on to m, h, and i. "She stood on the balcony..." Okay? So try to get that "l" there, the "l" rising up to the roof of your mouth. "Inexplicably mimicking", so the m sound: "mmm", lips together. Mmm. "Mimicking him hiccupping", so a nice open mouth of "h", "h", for the h sound. "Hiccupping and amicably welcome... Welcoming him home." It's quite hard to get the "ing" there. "Welcoming him home. She stood on the balcony inexplimy-..." Got it wrong. Start again. "She stood on the balcony inexplicably mimicking him hiccupping and amicably welcoming him home." Okay? So you really got to move your mouth to get that... Those sounds correctly. I've put f, v, and "th" together because you must make sure that there is a difference between your "th" sounds and your f and your v. This is something I learnt after a long... Lots of long, hard practice at drama school, but it... You know, your "th", your tongue has to go up to the top of your mouth, and sort of tick, tick the teeth. "Ff", okay? The f and v sound is more made by... You got your lip there, and air coming out. "Five flippant Frenchmen fly from France for fashions. Five flippant Frenchmen fly from France for fashions".
Do you know the difference? LAST, LATEST, AT LEAST, LATTER, LATER, LATELY...
These 8 words and expressions can be very confusing. Give me just 4 minutes of your time and I'll teach you what they mean, and give you practical examples of how to use them. We'll cover the words LAST, LATEST, AT LEAST, LATTER, LATER, LATELY, OUTLAST, and LASTLY. Learning English doesn't have to take hours. Sometimes you can just learn a little each day easily. Take your English to the next level, practice these expressions on the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/last-latest-least-and-more/ , and start using them in your English conversations! TRANSCRIPT What do you do when you go to stay at someone's house? You give them a present. My friend, Charlie, gave me this egg timer when he came to stay. Today's lesson we will be looking at eight words associated with time and the measuring of it that will expand your vocabulary. First word today: "last". Now, this can mean final or not break. For example: "The last item on my shopping list this morning was a box of Weetabix." That's breakfast cereal. Yum-yum. An item can be "built to last", that means it's not going to break, apart from if I throw it really hard on the floor. It will last. It will live for five years, 10 years. Who knows? Maybe even 20. "Latest". "Latest" means up to date. This egg timer is the latest in technological development. Quite a tongue twister, that. Technological development. Really high-tech. "At least". "At least" means as a minimum. For example: "At least with this handy tool I know when to take my cooking out of the oven." And for more tips on cooking, do check out my video on cooking vocabulary. With this handy tool. "At least". So, at the very beginning my advantage is I know when to take it out of the oven, but also it's really nice and it looks great in my kitchen. "The latter". "The latter" means the second mentioned. I'll put this into a sentence context for you. "Of course, you could use a mobile phone and its alarm clock to tell you when to take something out of the oven, but I much prefer to use an egg timer. The latter is so much more traditional." "Later". "Later" means after more time. "Later when I get home I will be using my egg timer to cook a stew." Don't want to burn that stew, do we? "Lately". "Lately" means recently. "Lately I have been fishing." Next word: "Outlast". "Outlast" means to live longer. "This egg timer will outlast all the other kitchen equipment that I have." It will live longer. "Lastly" means finally. "Lastly, have you guys got any great tips on essential tools for your kitchen?" If so, why not join the conversation below and give us your tips? Hope you've learned something from today's lesson using these words to do with time accurately. Why not do the quiz now and test your understanding of today's video? Until next time, take care. Good bye.
How to say the names of places in the UK
Mousehole?! There's a place called Mousehole? Yes, there is, but how do you pronounce it? The UK has some unusual city names, perhaps the most notorious of all being "Worcestershire". Learn how to pronounce it and many more UK town names in this short pronunciation lesson. I will teach you how to pronounce names such as Kirkcudbright, Edinburgh, Durham, and more. You will find that it is simpler than you think because many of these names have endings in common, such as -shire and -bright. After watching this lesson, you will be able to pronounce the name of any UK city or town with confidence. It will surely come in handy during social conversations and even in your IELTS Speaking Task. Even if you're an English speaker from another country, you will want to watch this video before taking a trip to the UK, so that you don't get any of these completely wrong and make a fool of yourself :) Next, watch some more of my videos about life, language, and culture in the UK: 1. The RP Accent: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PcIX-U5w5Ws&list=PLs_glF4TIn5YtEqu0I-8URDr8GT0JyYnI&index=16 2. How to say the names of the top 10 British cities: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IXkFM3TC108&list=PLs_glF4TIn5YtEqu0I-8URDr8GT0JyYnI&index=8 3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VRiFXlF-U4w&list=PLs_glF4TIn5YtEqu0I-8URDr8GT0JyYnI&index=13 TRANSCRIPT Hi there, and welcome back to engVid. In this video you are going to learn how to pronounce some of the harder-to-pronounce places in the U.K. So, useful if you're planning a trip here, or if you're doing an IELTS speaking test and would like to refer to places in the U.K. Let's have a look at some guidelines, and then a little bit later we're going to look at some of the places that don't quite fit the rules. So, with a place ending with: "borough" or "burgh", you would expect it to sound: "borough" or "burgh", but that's not what happens. It's normally shortened to something like: "bra". For example: "Edinburgh", "Edinbra", "Edinbra", "Edinbra", got it? Okay? Not: "Edinborough", okay? Second one, with a place ending in "cester", you shorten it to "sta". For example, it's not: "Bicester", it's: "Bicesta", "Bicesta". There is an exception, here, with: "Cirencester", which is a lovely place out in the west of England. "Cirencester", not "Cirensta". Okay? "Cirencester", that's an exception, there. Next, on to counties. So, a county where... The U.K. is divided up into different region called counties. Lots of these end with "shire", the shire, the countryside, but we pronounce it actually: "shur". For example: "Devonshire", "Devonsha", not: "Devonshire". This one is particularly tricky to pronounce: "Worcestershire", "Wosteshur". So, basically what we're doing is we're going: "Wost", and then we're abbreviating that: "Woste", "Wosteshur", and then we're putting a "u" in here. "Worcestershire". You still with me? Good stuff, keep the concentration. Now, "wich" often goes to "ich", so we're just going to be taking out that "w" there. "Wich" goes to "ich". "Norwich", "Norich", it's not: "Nor-wich", okay? "Norich". It's a lovely place in the east of England, beautiful cathedral, and my uncle is an estate agent, so go and say: "Hi." On to places ending in "mouth". Obviously going to be places by the sea. For example... Can you spot my little mistake, here? Shouldn't be an "f", it should be a "th". A subtle difference, but important to get right. So it's: "Teignmuth" not "Teignmouth". Okay? "Teignmuth", it's a shorter vowel sound; we're not doing the sort of the "o", it's a "Teignmuth". So that's down in Devon, very scenic place in the southwest of the U.K. "Ham" goes to "um". For example, it's not: "Durham", it's: "Duram", so you're effectively losing that "h". "Durham", beautiful place in the northeast of England, very strong university in Durham. Right. "Wick" goes to "ick". For example, if I put the whole spelling of: "Berwick-upon Tweed", you can see that we are missing this "w" out, so it becomes: "Berick-upon Tweed". Nice coastal town, again, near the border with Scotland in the northeast of the U.K. Okay? Let's have a look at a few more anomalies and some exceptions to the rules. I'm also going to be pointing out, with these exceptions, some excellent places to visit in the U.K. There's so many different exceptions, but the places listed here are worth checking out if you're coming to the U.K. "Tor", you would expect it to say: "quay", something like that, but it's actually: "Torkey", "Torkey", and the same would apply for "Newquay". This place in Norfolk, you might expect it to be: "Hunstanton", but actually you miss out the "tan" and it becomes: "Hunston". This is a place I went on honeymoon down in Cornwall. What do you think it says? "Mousehole"? It's not, it's: "Mousol", a lovely fishing village down in Cornwall. Again in Cornwall, what do you think: "Fowey"? "Foey", okay? Maybe it's helpful to think of there being no "w".
Professional English: Vocabulary for managers and supervisors (and parents!)
Do you manage people at work? Are you a parent or a teacher? In this lesson, I'll use real English from a movie to explain vocabulary you can use to talk about supervising people or kids. It's important to know many words to talk about the things we do often, so we're not always repeating the same boring words! Learn eight words and expressions you can start using immediately. I'll explain "control", "ascertain", "monitor", "check", and more. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/professional-english-vocabulary-managers/ TRANSCRIPT Hi there, and welcome back to engVid. Today we are going to be looking at eight highly useful words and phrases that you could use in the world of business English, for negotiations, etc. but we're going to be applying them to a real-life situation. You may want to watch, after this video, my video about asking for someone's permission to do something. Today we're looking at phrases once we've got someone's permission and they are watching us to make sure that we are doing things properly. Okay, so: Have you watched the film Meet the Parents? It stars Robert DeNiro, and it's about a highly controlling father-in-law who works for the CIA, and he is out to get the future son-in-law, and makes sure that he is exactly how the father-in-law, Robert DeNiro, wants him to be. So these are all words and phrases that Robert DeNiro's character might say to the young man who wants to marry his daughter. So, DeNiro might say: "I will be keeping a close check on you." Okay? "A close check", there used as a... As a noun. Or he might say, as a verb: "I will be checking that your financial statements are in order. I will be checking". On to "control", he's a controlling character. Now, a couple of ways you can use "control". "To have control over someone", so he might say: "Remember, I will always be controlling you" or "I will always have control over you." As a noun: "to show some control". So as some advice, he might say: "Now, you must show some control in terms of the way you converse around the dinner table." "Monitor", again, this means sort of "to watch". "I will be monitoring you. I will be watching you. I have my eyes out on you". "I want..." Or if it's the other way around and he wants the future son-in-law to do something: "I want you to monitor. I want you to look at, I want you to monitor your spending habits." Next phrase: "to keep an eye on". "I've got my eye on you. I will be keeping my eye out on you." That means I am watching all the time. Again, we're looking at words and verbs to do with sight. "Oversee", so over, on top of, looking down, so we are looking down... "I will be overseeing... I will be looking to make sure that you are in the right." Don't know if you know any Latin, but "video" means "I watch" in Latin, so again, this is to do with the idea of sight. Super, over, I will be looking over. I will be making sure that everything is just right. So we have the verb: "to supervise", and we have the noun: "supervision", to make sure that there is proper supervision in place. Supervision, looking down, making sure all is well. "To ascertain", now, if I remove the prefix you'll see the word "certain". "Ascertain" simply means to make certain of. Okay? So, to ascertain whether you are the right customer for me, to ascertain whether you can actually be a good husband or not. And lastly: "to keep a tab on". Now, this is a phrase you would find more in British English rather than American English: "to keep a tab on". "Tab" has associations with a pub. You would go into a pub and they would say to you: "Would you like to start a tab?" "A tab" means kind of a running list of what you have spent in that place. "To keep a tab on", so the idea here is that Robert DeNiro's character is writing down every single thing that Ben Stiller's character does wrong, keeping a tab on, keeping a running list, a document. So, hopefully you have learnt eight new phrases that you can use either in the world of work, or to impress your friends with your fantastic English. Maybe you'd like to do the quiz now just to make sure that you've got these words in the exact correct usage. That would be great if you did give it a go. Until next time, see you soon.
Giving Excuses: How to say NO in English
Have you ever had to refuse a friend's request or suggestion? How did that make you feel? It is difficult to find the right words to say "no" and then explain why. However, you can prepare yourself with strategies and the right phrases to make it easier. In this lesson, I will teach you how to express your excuses so that you sound firm and confident, but without being too rude or hurtful. I will show you ways to begin your sentences that are polite yet assertive so you will never feel cornered again. Then, test your understanding with the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/how-to-say-no-in-english/ . TRANSCRIPT Hi there, and welcome back to engVid. Today's lesson is a conversational one. We're looking at different excuses that we could use to say no to something that we don't want to be involved with. Who's this for? Well, today's lesson is accessible, so I would say at beginners, those looking to gain a little bit more confidence with their vocabulary. Okay, so today's situation: I have a friend called Rideon who likes coming up with some pretty silly ideas some of the time. He's a fantastic guy, but what he said is: "Benjamin, Benjamin, would you like to get involved with my new idea? I'm going to be starting a business making inflatable pumpkins. I think it will be great for people at parties to hold the inflatable pumpkins, and a bit of decoration at home." Now, my immediate reaction to this is like: "No, no, no, Rideon. I don't want to do this." So, I'm going to really sort of try and bowl him over. "Bowl him over", to sort of knock the idea flat by listing some pretty strong reasons to say no. I expect he'll then come back and say: "But Benjamin, Benjamin, haven't you thought about this?" and I'll cut him off, I'll say: "No", and these are going to be my ways of just going... Cutting him off once he returns the argument. But this is... This is really sort of the nuts and bolts. "The nuts and bolts", the main bits of my argument. So, I'm going to start off: "First of all", and then I can put his name. "First of all, Rideon"-so I'll just put R-"I can't imagine anyone spending money on that". Okay? So, I then list my reason here. "The main reason for my hesitancy"-the main reason for me to say no-"is that I can't imagine anyone wanting to spend money on something as silly as that. Secondly..." I know this is actually my third reason, but if it was my second reason, I could say: "Secondly..." If it is my third reason, I can say: "Thirdly..." Okay? So let's pop that up there for you as well. Or I could just say: "Also..." Okay? That's another way of introducing a reason. "Also, who thinks that having an inflatable pumpkin in their living room looks aesthetically...? Looks beautiful to the eye?" Certainly not me. Okay? Then I go on, I want to introduce another idea: "Besides that..." So: "Besides that", next to, yeah? We can see at the side of someone, at someone's side. "Besides that", so the reason next to this. "Besides that, I don't want to have to think about this idea at the moment. I've got other priorities." I've got other priorities. It's a bit of a risk. And then Rideon comes back to me and he says: "Dah-dah-dah-dah-dah, Benjamin, dah-dah-dah-dah-dah-dah-dah, wonderful idea, wonderful idea", and I say: "Well, the thing is, Rideon, I'm going to have to stop you there. The thing is, Rideon, I'm a busy guy; I'm doing this, I'm doing that. I just can't get involved at this time. The thing is, Rideon, I just can't be involved." And he talks back, and I come back to him by saying: "I just can't imagine the target audience. I just can't imagine: A) what this would sell for, and why they'd want to buy that. I guess what it comes down to... I guess what it comes down to..." So this is kind of a conclusion, here. This is like my end reason. "I guess what it comes down to is", and then you list your big reason. If I'm talking to Rideon about this: "I guess what it comes down to is it's the wrong time for me". "At the end of the day..." So, these are all ways of concluding. "At the end of the day, it's just a bit silly, Rideon". "I'd love to, I really would". This phrase here: "I really would" makes me sound sincere. It makes it sound as if I really believe what I'm saying. "I'd love to, I really would, but I think it's something you should do on your own. Why not give it a go?" Okay? So, we've had a slightly silly story, but you have here lots of different ways in which you can be saying no to a suggestion that is put towards you. "First of all", put a reason. "The main reason... Secondly... Thirdly... Also... Besides that... The thing is..." Okay? Persuade them. Let them see the light of day. Let them see the truth. "I just can't imagine... I guess what it comes down to... At the end of the day... I'd love to, I really would, but..." What I would love you to do right now is to give the quiz a go. See if you can get 10 out of 10. If you can, give yourself a pat on the back. […]
Speak as clearly as an actor
How do actors sound so clear when they speak? The secret is to warm up by doing vocal exercises. In this lesson, I'll share with you some exercises to make your English sound clear, confident, and correct. You will start with a physical warm up and then move on to vocal exercises and tongue twisters. How fast can you say, "Peter piper picked a peck of pickled peppers"? Get your workout clothes on, and turn up the volume. Are you ready for some fun? BADAGABADAGA let’s go! http://www.engvid.com/speak-as-clearly-as-an-actor/ WATCH NEXT Acting secrets for a strong, dynamic voice: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a42axivi5Og Mouth exercises for CLEAR SPEECH: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gp2VvmUJJc8 TRANSCRIPT Hi, there, folks. And welcome back to www.engvid.com. Today, we're going to be doing a lesson on articulation, the way we use our mouth to form words and sounds. We're also going to be looking at some tips to make sure you come across as a confident speaker of English in any interview kind of situation. Now, let's just imagine that you do have an interview. Your heart's going to be going "boom, boom, boom, boom." And suddenly, all your English goes out the window, and you start making mistakes, and you can't really talk properly. So we need to make sure we're in our bodies, okay? And that we are present and alive in the room. I've worked as an actor for a few years, so I wanted to share a couple of warm ups, a couple of starters that people do -- that actors do before they go on stage. So I know you can't see my feet, but we might start by making circles with our feet like this. So move them around, okay? Make those joints -- so you're doing this with your foot, and then with the other foot. So I want you to get off your chairs. I know you're watching me on the Internet. Get up off your chair. Let's all get involved and move your right foot around. And the other way. And now, do circles with your knees, circles with your knees. Good stuff. And now, with your waist, let's move our waist around. Move that waist around in a nice big circle, and the other way around. Great. Now, we're going to do some shoulder rolls. Yeah. We're making nice, big circles with your shoulders. And the other way. Great. Shake out our hands. I've got a pen in it. Shake it out. Move our head around. Be careful with the head. We're going to do circles with our head, and when you get to the back, make sure your mouth is open. Do a big circle. And if you want to yawn, that's just a sign that you're relaxing. Okay? I'm going to move around like that. Great. Have a little shake out. Have a little shimmy, a little boogie. Great. We're good to go. Obviously, today, we're focusing on the tongue, the lips, and the mouth. So let's start by blowing through our lips. Do it after me. So the pitch, it's going up and back down again. You try. Good. Now, I want you to imagine that you're brushing your teeth with your tongue. Okay. You don't have a toothbrush. You can't find the toothbrush, so you're using your tongue. Okay? You're brushing all of your teeth with your tongue. Okay. Because to make clear sounds in English, you need your tongue to work hard. Okay? And now, brush the bottom jaw. This is a jaw. Okay. We're going to brush the teeth in here. Great. And now, let's just, you know, make some funny faces at me. I'm making some funny faces at you. You make some funny faces at me. Yeah? Move your face around. I know. It's a bit weird. Obviously, when we're breathing, we want to breathe from our stomachs. We don't want to talk up here. So try and think of breathing. Feel your tummy going in and out down here. Not up here. You might feel your ribs move. I want to see if you can breathe using your stomach. Okay? Now, we're going to look at some vocal exercises. "Pa ta ka pah." Okay. So we're going to look at making sounds which are exercises for the different sounds you make in English. And then, we're going to look at some actual articulation exercises for really clear speech. And these are things you can practice, you know -- I do it when I'm driving my car before today, so I speak clearly. Clearly hasn't worked. Vocal exercises. Okay. So we're going to start with "pa". So we're going to go "pa ta ka pah". "Pa ta ka pah." I want you to repeat after me. "Pa ta ka pah." Great. "Pa ta ka paw." "Pa ta ka poo." It's quite a rude word in English. "Pa ta ka pee." Okay. Bottom lip, top lip, they come apart. The bottom lip is blowing against that top lip. Okay? "Pa ta ka pee." "Pa ta ka pay." Okay? So if you become confident with these, then you can repeat this bit a couple of times. So it would be "pa ta ka pa ta ka pah." Let's try that one. "Pa ta ka pa ta ka pah." Have a go. Great. And then, with these ones, "pa ta ka pa ta ka paw." Okay. You get the idea. Practice those on your own time. That's your homework, okay? It's really good practice to try and do this every day to really develop clear speech. […]
Learn English Grammar: Reported Speech / Indirect Speech
http://www.engvid.com/ Billy TOLD ME that you wanted to learn this, so I responded with this grammar video! Learn the proper use of reported speech (also called indirect speech), and start using great verbs such as 'informed', 'replied' and 'persuaded'. Pay attention, because there are some complex grammar rules here! You'll also learn how to properly use 'say' and 'tell'. Test yourself with the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/grammar-reported-speech-indirect-speech/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, there, guys. Welcome back. We're going to do a lesson today on using indirect speech. What does that mean? Well, this is where we are relating something that someone said. I'm going to talk you through the differences between indirect speech -- or reported speech -- and direct speech, using these little things called "quotation marks" or "speech marks". I'm going to give you some useful vocab for using reported speech, and showing you the difference between "tell" and "say". I hope it's useful. So my friend Billy, he's not feeling very well today. So he says, "I'm feeling sick." Now, if I'm using direct speech, that's where I use my quotation marks, my speech marks. I would write it like this: Billy said -- with a little comma -- "I'm feeling sick." -- end of quotation marks. But if I'm using reported speech, this is I don't use his exact words, and I don't use these quotation marks. So I could say in reported speech: Billy said that he was feeling sick. I have used the same words here. But look. I'm using "said that" and no quotation marks. Now, what are the differences between reported speech and direct speech? Well, direct speech uses the present. Look here. "I'm feeling sick." "I am" is obviously in the present. Whereas reported speech is going to use past. He said he was feeling sick. So these are how we put some verbs into the past -- irregular verbs. Here, look. "I am" goes to "he was". "Am" goes to "was". "Are" would go to "were". So if Billy said, "You are a jerk", in reported speech, it would be, "Billy said that you were a jerk." "Do" and "does" would go to "did". So if Billy is saying, "I do play snooker", it would be in reported speech, "Billy said that he did play snooker on Tuesday last week." Okay? "Have" and "has" would go to "had". "Will" is going to go to "would". "Can" is going to go to "could". Okay? Difficult spellings. Doesn't sound how it's spelled. And then, with your regular verbs, it's going to go to + ed. So Billy might say, "I want to party tonight." If I'm going to do reported speech, it would be, "Billy said that he wanted to party tonight." Okay? I hope you're with me so far. I hope you're understanding. Good, good, good. Now, "tell" is a little bit different to "say". So when I use the verb "tell", I know whom the person is talking to. For example, "Billy told me that you were a jerk." So "talking to me", so I use "tell". I know who the person is talking to. But when I use "say", we don't know who the person is talking to. So "Billy said that you were kissing at school." Okay? "Said" -- it doesn't say "me". It doesn't say "said me". It just says "said". Okay? So we don't know who the person is talking to. Obviously, he's probably talking to me, but it doesn't say that here, so I need to use "said". Okay? Now, some interesting verbs to make your writing a bit more fluent, a bit more interesting to read. I could use "inform". Okay? This is just going to take -- so if I'm using reported speech, remember I'm going to put it into the past. So here, it's a regular verb, so I'll add -ed. "Billy informed me that he was going to be late for my lesson." We've already done "said". "Billy said that he was feeling sick." "Billy answered with the correct answer." Okay? So this is regular. I'm going to add in my -ed. "Billy reported to me that Sandra was behaving badly." You're a naughty girl, Sandra. Billy has reported you. Now, this one's going to go irregular, "reply". "Billy replied that the lunch was disgusting." Okay. How do we form this? Well, we take off the Y and put -ed, -ied. "Billy replied that the lunch was disgusting." Now, "respond". This is regular. "Billy responded that he was happy to be alive" -- -ed, okay? I'm playing around here. So "suggest" is going to be -ed and "persuade", -ed. What do these mean? "Inform" means "give information". You know what "said" is. "Answer", question, answer. "Report", like, report, give some information again. "Reply" is question, answer. "Respond" is just answer. "Suggest" is like -- it's like a whisper. "I suggested to the bus driver that he put his foot on the accelerator." "Suggest" -- it's an idea, a suggestion. And "persuade" is when you're persuading, "Come on, everybody. Make sure you do the quiz after this. You know where to find it, www.engvid.com." That is the end of today's lesson.
Learn English: How to talk like the boss
Are you a manager? Do you want to be a manager? This English lesson will teach you how to sound like one! When you're the boss, you need to communicate effectively with your colleagues, clients, and other office workers. In this lesson, I teach you several expressions to use in a professional English-speaking environment, so that you can sound like the boss. Can I 'COUNT ON YOU' to learn this? I know you can 'FIT IT INTO' your schedule. If you can 'PULL IT OFF', you should 'FOLLOW UP' by taking the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/how-to-talk-like-the-boss/ Hello. My name is Benjamin, and I'm here to teach you on EngVid today some really good vocabulary for asking people to do what you want them to do in a work environment, helping you to be the boss. Okay. So first thing, I want you to imagine, to think, of one thing you want someone you work with to do, okay? What could it be? Think of the person -- you want to do -- okay, yeah. I want them to do that. Yeah. Good. So here are some different uses. We're going to talk through some different kinds of instructions, some different ways of asking people to do something, okay? Good. So first one: "aim at" or "aim to". So we could say, "Bob, I'd like you to aim at producing that presentation by Tuesday morning." Okay? So when we use "by", we introduce a deadline that they have to finish it by. Okay? So "I'd" -- obviously that's short for "I would" -- like you to do this. Okay? Now, in terms of the pronunciation, "I'd like you to aim", so we shorten -- we don't pronounce the O, and it becomes "t' aim at". Okay? So this kind of all goes into one word. "Bob, I'd like you to aim at finishing that presentation by Tuesday morning." Now, Bob asked me what the presentation needs to be. So I say to him, "Aim to have a beginning, a middle, an end with some graphs and some evidence." Okay? "Aim to". "Aim to do this, this, and this." Great. Now, "count on" and "rely on" are ways of checking, of asking if Bob can definitely do this. If he can do this. Okay? So I say to him, "Bob, can I count on you to do that?" He either says yes or no. If he says yes, I know that Bob can do the presentation. I could say it another way. "Can I rely on you to do that?" Okay? Again, the pronunciation -- you don't really need to pronounce the "to". It just goes "t' do that". Right? So rely on, "Can I rely on Bob to do this?" If I rely on Bob to do my presentation, Bob is doing the presentation, and I can do other work. I know Bob will do it. I rely on him. Okay? "Rely on. Count on." Okay, so "count", it's the same word as counting money -- one, two, three, four, five, six, seven pounds. Here, I'm counting on him. Good. To "fit something in". Okay? So "fit". It's a word we use with clothes. Do these clothes fit? Do I fit into them? Do I fit in? Yeah, I fit. They fit me." "Is that something you can fit in? Can you fit this presentation into your day? Can you find time in your day to do the presentation?" "Is that" -- okay, meaning the work, the presentation -- "a thing you can fit in?" Okay? "Is that something you can fit in?" Now, another way of saying this, "Do you think you'll be able to squeeze it in?" So "squeeze", here, that's more informal, okay? So I say, "Do you think you'll" -- so that's obviously short for "you will" be able -- future tense. "You will be able to squeeze it in." And the answer would be, "Yeah. Sure, Benjamin. I can fit it in. No problem." Okay? Are you with me so far? Now, if I have doubts, if I have questions about Bob doing my presentation, I might need to follow up. Okay? It's a good idea to follow up. That means to check. "Bob are you doing the presentation? Bob, how's the presentation going? Bob, any news with the presentation?" These are all ways of following up. Now, we can use "follow up" with a noun. "Bob, we will need to plan a followup." "A" or "the" -- remember: There are articles with the followup, which is our noun. Okay? A "followup", working there as a noun. We can also use it as a verb, okay? I say to Bob, "I will be following up on this." Okay? Future tense with "will". Or another way of saying it, again in the future, "Bob, I am going to follow up on this. I am going to follow up on this." So "follow" -- you might know the verb "follow". If I follow someone, I walk around on them. So if I'm following Bob, I'm making sure he's doing the work. Great. Now, Bob is getting a bit annoyed because I'm asking questions, questions, questions. So he just says to me, "Benjamin, no problem, sir. I can pull this off." Okay? "Pull off." That means "can do". Okay? "Pull off" means "can do". Now, let's have a little picture. This is where we are now. This is where we want to get to. And Bob is going to pull is the target off. He's going to do it so easily. He's going to "pull it off". Okay? Now, I'm just going to go and check to see if Bob is doing his work.
Learn English Conversation – Social English Vocabulary & Expressions
Watch this fun video, where I'll teach you how to talk about going out with friends. I'll give you a lot of useful expressions, vocabulary, and slang you can use to talk about social situations. Do you use Facebook? I'm going to teach you how native speakers write Facebook statuses, comments, and captions. When we write on Facebook, we generally use informal English and slang. I'll share some cool expressions you can start using right away. I'll also teach you how to ask someone out on a date and how to respond if someone asks you out. This lesson is all about improving your English for your modern social life. So what are you waiting for? Watch this lesson, take the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/social-english-vocabulary-expressions/ and follow engVid on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/learn.english.free TRANSCRIPT Hello. My name's Benjamin, and I want to help you to have a really fun time when you come into an English-speaking country, like England, or America, or Scotland, or Wales, or Ireland. Okay? So we're going to concentrate on words that help you in social situations. Okay? Whether that's Facebook, asking someone out on a date, or how to answer when someone asks you to join them. Okay? Good. So, Facebook. Love it or hate it, it's a bit like Marmite, huh? Now, you know when it comes to that page and it asks you what you're thinking? Well, one thing you could say, a phrase that might be useful: "To catch up with..." So you could say: "I've been catching up with..." Okay? Past perfect tense. "To catch a film", okay? So, I caught a film. I caught a film with Heath Ledger in it. It was really good. Okay? So we got two uses, here, of "catch". One, it refers to seeing a friend, talking, talking, talking, hearing what they are doing; and another use of "catch" when we are catching a film, catching a play. It means "going to". Okay? So: "catch up", talk or go to, that's the meaning. Now, this is an interesting point, because when you are saying something, when you are talking normally, you talk about the past tense: "I saw a film. I caught a film. I did this. I did that." But when you're on Facebook, you'll probably use the present if you are using a picture. Okay? So, I... "Catching a film with my friend", and I give them a picture of us at the cinema, outside the movie theatre. Okay? So that's just a little thought. When you're using Facebook and you've got a picture, you might want to use the present tense. Now, another little phrase you might put on your Facebook posts: "A night out with Dominic, Jane, Charlotte", and you got a picture of them all having a great time. So: "A night out with..." Or, you could have a fun day. Okay? So a night or a day. Good. Now, we've got "chilling" or "relaxing with". "Chilling", taking it easy. Having a nice time. Okay? Relaxing. "Chilling/relaxing with..." and then again, you have the person's name here, if you want to, if you're that well inclined. Or you could have: "Grabbing a beer with", grab. You could say: "I'm grabbing a beer with", or "Grabbing a quick meal with my mom." Don't do that, by the way. "Burning up the dancefloor!" That's when you're really dancing around, got a little picture of that. "Burning", fire. You're fire on the dancefloor, I know. Now, someone's really been enjoying these Facebook posts, they've been messaging you, so you pick up the phone and you're asking them out on a date. "Come along! We're going to the disco tonight." Okay? A lot of these request/invitations, they use "come", okay? "Come along!" "Come out, it will be such good fun. We're going to have a really great time.", "Come out", "Come along!" Okay? They're encouraging ways of saying. Okay? "We're eating at Domino's in-house pizza place. Come join us." Or: "We're eating at the Chicago Rib Shack. Come." Okay? Again: "Join us." "Do you want to come?" if you're going to ask a question. So these are sort of demands: "Do this, do that." If you want to use a question: "Do you want to come?" Okay? Nice and natural. A nice, natural question. Now, imagine someone is asking you, if you don't like that person, you could say: "No. I'd like to stay in, actually. I think I'll just watch the telly, and have a meal. Thanks. See ya." Okay? You don't like them. If you like them, you could say: "Yeah, okay. You can call in at mine... At my house at 8 o'clock." Okay? "Call in", you come to me. You call in. Or, more casual, informal way of saying that, I would say: "Yeah, okay, swing by at mine in half an hour/in 30 minutes." Swing by, come to my house first. I don't want to walk. You come to me. Okay? Or you could say: "Sure. Meet me in the town square at 9 o'clock." So you tell them where you're going to meet them.
How to start a phone conversation in English
If you are anxious about speaking over the phone, you are not alone! Phone conversations are something all language learners struggle with. If you are shy or very self-conscious, you may have trouble with phone conversations even if English is your first language. Well, I have some tips to help make it easier, which I will show you in this lesson. Get the attention of the person you are talking to with highly effective phrases, and learn how to introduce yourself over the phone. No matter which stage of learning you are at, this lesson is for all you nervous callers! https://www.engvid.com/how-to-start-a-phone-conversation/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, folks. My name is Benjamin and welcome back to www.engvid.com. Today we are having a look at phone conversations, and you're going to be learning to ask firstly whether the person you are ringing has time to speak, whether it's a good time to call, and then we're going to be looking at explaining to them why we are calling them. Okay? So, let's get started. Now, checking they have time to speak, you would use this if you're... If you're phoning a friend or if you are a business calling an individual. This is how we do it, so I can say: "Is now a good time to call?" Okay? And here I have "to call" in the infinitive. "Is now"-is right now, now-"a good time to call?" Or I can say: "Is this a good time to call?" Okay? Or I could say... If it's to a friend I might say: "Are you busy, Jack? Are you busy?" This is more formal, this is more business talk. "Are you free to talk?" Okay? It's probably better English. Now, here we have: "Do you have...?" Do you have? Something you have. "Do you have a minute?" Obviously you don't have a minute in your pocket, but: Are you free to talk for one minute? "Do you have a minute to", and now we have two options. So we could: "...have a quick chat". Are you free...? "Do you have a minute to have a quick chat?" or: "Do you have a minute to speak?" "Speak" is more formal, it's better for important things. "To have a quick chat" is maybe you're working and someone has done something bad, so you're being friendly, but you're saying: "Are you free to have a quick chat?" You're being friendly, but maybe they have done something bad. Okay. Now: "Have I rung", past tense of "to ring"... "Have I rung at a bad time?" or: "Have I caught you...?" Okay? Catch a ball. "Have I caught you"-I caught you-"at a bad time?" And then if they say: "No. It's fine. What do you want?" then I carry on and I give them my reason for calling. But if they say: "Yes, actually right now I'm really busy", then I say: "Well, maybe I could call later today, in a few hours' time, tomorrow", then you suggest a better time to call. So, let's just recap. We've got: "Is it a good time to call?", "Are you busy?", "You free to talk?", "Do you have the minute?", "Do you have a minute?" or: "Have I rung...?", "Is now a bad time?" Okay? Now, the reason for calling. Obviously if I'm just me, Benjamin, and I'm calling a business, then I don't need to say: "Are you free?" because it's their job to be free. So I just go straight into: "Hello. I'm calling about..." Okay? These are reasons. So: "I am", you shorten it to: "I'm", "I'm calling about", maybe it's a refund, the refund you need to give me or: "I'm calling about..." So we can have a verb plus "ing", so: "I'm calling about organising a meeting with." Okay? So we have verb, let's just put a verb in, "organise", and then I would cross out the "e" and put "ing". "I'm calling about", a noun and a verb plus "ing". You do that one or you do that one. These are all patterns using noun or verb+ing until here. Next one, this is a very formal style of English: "It's with regard to... It's with regard to my refund", "organising the meeting". Okay? But this is formal English. If you want to impress someone, use this one. "It's about..." Okay? If I'm calling my friend. "Hiya, Jack. It's about the party.", "It's about playing football on Saturday." Okay? So this is... This is more friends, this one. This is smart, and this can be both. Okay? "Calling about...", "With regard to...", "It's about..." A couple of different ones here: "I'd like to", and then we need our verb in the infinitive. "I'm calling because I'd like to show you my CV. Can we organise a time for me to bring it to you?" Okay? Because I'd like to organise a time to meet, I'd like to plan next week. Okay? Verb in the infinitive. "I'm phoning to..." So you've got: "I'd like to" or "I'm phoning to". I hope that makes sense. Okay? Just a very simple pattern, system for starting a phone conversation. I've already been through this, but: "Are you busy?" Make sure they have time, make sure it's a good time to talk. If it is, tell them why and then you start your phone conversation. Check out the quiz on www.engvid.com. Feel free to follow me, subscribe to my YouTube channel, and well done for taking the time and making the effort to become a better speaker of English. Bye.
Conversation Skills: How to agree or disagree
http://www.engvid.com/ Do you have an opinion? Want to express yourself? Need to tell someone that they are wrong? Watch this lesson to improve your conversational skills, and to learn the best expressions to argue and debate. In this lesson I teach you how to agree and disagree in formal and informal settings, so that you can tell people what you think -- politely and intelligently. Personally, I think that this is a very important English lesson. What do you think? Take the quiz here: http://www.engvid.com/conversation-skills-agree-disagree/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, there, everybody. Today, we're doing a general class on having an argument, giving an opinion. Okay? Useful words for giving opinions, agreeing, disagreeing. This is something you have to do in so many walks of life, in so many situations, whether it's with your girlfriend, boyfriend, wife, whether it's with your boss, your mom, your dad. Many times, we find ourselves making a point, saying something, having something that is slightly different to the other person. Okay? It's life. We're going to start with giving opinions. Now, we might start with an adverb like "personally". Okay? Or "frankly". So "person" -- you can see the word "person". When we say "personally", it's about this person; it's about me. "Me, I think this." "Personally, I would say that --." "Personally, I think that --." Now, let's spend today talking about the issue of whether you should give money to the homeless man. "Personally, I think lots of people give money to them." Or, "Personally, I think they need the money." Or, "Frankly" -- this means "honestly". "Frankly, I think charity starts at home." That's a phrase that means, "If I'm going to be kind, I need to be kind to me." "Frankly, I don't want to give them any money." Okay? Now, what I've done here is I've marked which ones are good to use in a work situation and which ones are more informal. So where I have marked, this is good to use at work. "Personally", "I'd say that". But "I reckon" and "if you ask me", these are more casual ways of speaking. "If you ask me, I think the bloke's taking the piss, mate." Okay? "If you ask me, I think the bloke's taking the piss." He's having a laugh. Okay? "I reckon he really needs some coins." Okay? So this is the one you can use at work. "I'd say that you have to think about it and balance the options up." I don't know. What do you think? Have a go now. Personally, I think that -- go on. Give me a sentence. Great. Good work. Now, you've presented your first opinion, and someone is agreeing with you. Let's practice agreeing with someone, okay? "Definitely! I mean, it's so cold in London. You should give some money to them." Okay? "Definite." "Definite" means certain. Okay? It's the same as "certainly". "Certainly" would be very -- too formal, though." Okay? "Definitely. You're right." Or if you like what they're saying, you agree, you could say, "I think so, too. I mean, it must be a difficult life." Yeah? These are all phrases you could use in a work situation. Okay? All of these are good for work. They're not informal ones. "I think so, too. I mean, it's really cold at the moment." "You're right. I mean, imagine not having a home or somewhere to go to the bathroom." "That's a good point. I agree with you." Okay? "I agree. It's really sad that they're living under a bridge." Okay? So these are all ways of agreeing. "Definitely. You're right. That's a good point." Giving opinions, I could say "personally, frankly, if you ask me". These are my informal ones. These are my formal ones. Formal. Good for work. Good for the pub. Great. Now, let's disagree. Let's disagree with Mother. "Yes, Mom. But they don't have any money to spend on a sandwich." Okay? So I'm disagreeing. I think something different to Mom. "You see, I don't agree, Mom. I think it's nice to be generous." Or you could say, "I don't know about that." Okay? Listen to the pronunciation. "I don't know about that." This is how it's spelled, "I don't know", and we say, "I dunno about that." Okay? "Hmm. I'm not sure about that. I'm not certain." It's polite. We're disagreeing. We know that we disagree, but we're polite, so we say, "I'm not sure. I think maybe it's a nice idea to give them 10p." Or "I'm not sure about that. I'm not sure that I like that idea." Okay? You're still disagreeing. It's an English, English way of talking. We're very polite, yeah? Sometimes, anyway. Not the drivers. "I don't go along with you." Okay? If I go along with my friend to the beach, I go along with them. But if I don't know along, no. I think something different. So, "No. I don't go along with you on that. I think blah, blah, blah, blah, blah." "That's a good point, a good argument, but blah, blah, blah, blah, blah." "Surely you can't give all your money to them because then, you would be like them." Okay? "Surely", so you're emphasizing.
Speak like a NATIVE SPEAKER by using sentence stress in English (with examples!)
When we speak English, putting stress on one word or another can completely change the meaning of a sentence. In this video, I'll teach you about sentence stress and demonstrate with lots of examples. You'll practice listening to two stories and learn how different stress and intonation can change the meaning of a sentence or add hidden meanings to it. This is an important part of speaking English clearly and correctly, and will help you with your English comprehension. In English, there is a saying: "It's not what you say, it's how you say it." By the end of this lesson you'll know just how true this is! http://www.engvid.com/speak-like-a-native-speaker-by-using-sentence-stress-in-english-with-examples/ TRANSCRIPT Hello, guys. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. Today we are going to be looking at the words that you put stress on, and how they give a different meaning to the sentence. So we're going to be looking at this one... Well, two sentences, here, and how with different questions, I might put a different stress, more emphasis, more volume, perhaps, on these particular words. And then over here, I'm going to be looking at subtext. Yes, I'm saying words to you, but what am saying underneath? What am I really saying to you? Okay? So I'm looking at how, by putting emphasis on one word, it can change the entire meaning of the sentence. Something really quite useful to hang onto, I hope. So, unfortunately, back home I have some butter that has gone a little bit mad. Now, today, my aunt came to have tea. In Britain, we have a cup of tea, and we have some toast, and maybe some scones. My aunt is a little hard of hearing-okay?-so we need to repeat things, and I need to say things quite loudly to her. So, my aunt said: "Benjamin, which butter's off?" "Off" meaning bad, finished. And so, when she said: "Which butter?" I need to tell her that it's this butter, not that butter. "This butter's off", dear aunt. Okay? This butter. Okay? So when she's asking which one it is, I emphasize: "This". Now, she was... My aunt, she was walking around the kitchen and she'd heard me saying something about being off, so she said: "Benjamin, what's off?" As in: What is off, what has gone bad? And I said: "It's the butter's gone off. The butter's off." So when she's asking: What? Well, what is about a thing, she's asking which thing. It's the butter which is bad, as well as the pen. Hey. Now, she didn't quite hear me, so she said: "What's the matter with the butter?" And I said: "Well, the butter's off. It's gone bad. It's off." Okay? So I emphasize "off", this is what the matter is, it's off. My dear aunt, she stayed a little bit longer in my flat today, and she heard me talking about my plans for the evening a bit later. And she said: "Who's having dinner?" So I've got this sentence here: "We're having dinner late tonight." So I said: "We're having dinner late tonight.", "We're", me and my wife are having dinner. Okay? We are, we're, so I put the emphasis on here to make it clear to her so she understands that it's me and... Me and bond girl. -"What are you doing later?" -"We're having... We're having dinner." -"What are you doing?" -"We're having dinner." -"What? -"Dinner." -"What is it you're doing?" -"Dinner. We're having dinner." Okay? So I make it clear. This is if I'm trying to make something really clear to someone, I would emphasize these words like this. It's not always this obvious. You can do it just a little bit. Let's try it with a little bit. So she says, my aunt, she says: -"When are we having dinner?" -"We're having dinner late tonight, we're having late." Late. Or I might even say: "Tonight. We're having dinner late tonight", as in: "Don't forget it's today. Don't go anywhere, aunty, it's tonight." Okay? So you can just change the meaning, change the emphasis. Okay? Emphasis by putting stress on a different word. Now, this is how to be mean, how to be a little bit nasty. Okay. So, I've got this sentence, and I'm going to show you two different meanings that I can get from it. So we've got: "She drives very carefully." Okay? I haven't put any particular emphasis on any of the words. "She drives very carefully." But if I say: "SHE drives very carefully." Okay? If I say: "SHE drives very carefully." I say that to my wife and I'm talking about my aunt driving carefully, I'm saying: "She drives very carefully." I'm kind of saying: "You don't drive very carefully." It's she, it's her who drives carefully. Okay? So: "You don't drive carefully." But if I'm talking about my dear aunt, and I says... And I say: "She drives very CAREFULLY." Yeah? I might be being a little bit sarcastic. You know? She's driving so carefully that she won't go faster than 10 miles an hour. She drives so carefully I feel like killing myself. Okay: "She drives too slowly." Okay? If I put the emphasis on "carefully". Okay?
REAL ENGLISH: Vocabulary and expressions to get a haircut
Your hair is becoming long and messy. What you need is a haircut. In this lesson, I will teach you some vocabulary and conversation points to use when you need to get a haircut at the hairdresser. We will talk about how to make an appointment, how to describe the style you want, and what to say during the cut instead of awkwardly staring at the mirror in silence. Watch this video to get the conversational skills you need to ensure you leave the salon looking your best. Don't tell me I need a haircut in the comments! TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/real-english-haircut-vocabulary-expressions/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, there, and welcome to Benjamin's hairdressing salon. In today's video you are going to be learning the language for how to ask for a good haircut, and it's a quite technical lesson if you are perhaps a hairdresser wanting to come over and work in the U.K., which lots of people do. And then we're going to be looking at some terminology that will help you. So this is for professional hairdressers, and it's for people coming to get a haircut, speaking in English, to make sure you leave the hairdresser as you wanted to, and not with some totally wildly different haircut. Let's begin. First of all, you need to make sure that you get sat down on the chair to get your haircut. Two ways of doing this. Firstly, you could book over the telephone. You may want to check out some of my previous lessons on telephone English. So, if we're on the telephone, you could say: "Hello, there. Good morning. I was wondering if I might be able to book a haircut?" and then they'll say: "Certainly, sir" or "Certainly, madam. When were you thinking? When were you thinking?" That means: When do you want to have this haircut? So I'll say something like: "Tomorrow morning would be ideal. Tomorrow morning would be great." And then they'll say something, like: -"Is 9:30 okay?" -"Yup, that would be good." Or you may just be walking past a hairdressers, that I was the other day, and you might just go: "You know what? I'd like to have my hair cut now." So, something like: "Hello. Is it possible to get a haircut this evening? Now?" And they'll say: "Yes." If there's a queue, they might say something like: "How long...? How long am I going to have to wait for?" So we're using "going to", future tense: "How long am I going to have to wait for? Going to have to wait for?" So, you're there, you're in the hairdresser, now we need to communicate with them the haircut, the hairstyle that you would like. So, this is not an exhaustive list for women's haircuts, it's not something I know a huge amount on, but just a few phrases to get you going. In terms of hair, we talk about the weight in your hair. So if you've got thick hair, you're a lady and you want to remove some weight... You can use this is you're a guy as well, if you're a man. If you want to remove some weight, you say: "I'd like to remove some weight." It makes sense. It's thick. We want a little bit of a lighter haircut, you say: "I'd like to remove some weight." Now, an "undercut". So, "under", something is under and we are cutting. This means we have more up here than down here. This can be done in a subtle... So that means not obvious way, quite sort of smooth, but just kind of gradually goes down; or you can have the more extreme example, sort of shaved here, and thicker up here. So that is the undercut. "Dusting", my next terminology, next term. If you have some split ends and you don't want a whole cut, but you just want to cut off those split ends, so the end of your hair, they're just fraying a little bit, it's just a little bit messy, you want to tidy up, we call that "dusting". So if you say: "I'd like just a brief session of dusting. I'd just like you to dust my hair", hopefully they won't get a cloth out and start dusting it like you're some piece of furniture. Okay. "Point cutting", this is where we... I know these aren't proper hairdressing scissors. Point cutting is where they point down, and they'll just be cutting down like that. This is to just sort of just tidy the edges of the hair, the very end bits up and it kind of gives a slightly softer appearance on the end of those bits of hair. "Inch", so I sometimes get in trouble when I go to the hairdresser and I suddenly come back and it's much shorter than my wife was expecting it to be. So it's very important that you communicate exactly how much you want to be taken off. In the U.K. we deal in inches. Okay? So: "I would like to have just a couple of inches off", so that would be... That's two inches. So make sure you know what an inch is. That's one inch, that's two inches. On to the guys. Okay. So, in London at the moment, as in other places, beards are very on, very in. They're in fashion. You might want to sort of groom your beard, that means just a little cut of the beard. […]
Political vocabulary and expressions in English
Learn vocabulary and phrases so that you can talk about politics and understand the news! I'll teach you new words and expressions to talk about government, elections, and policy. Is the candidate for president in your country promising to cut the crime rate? Is your president proud of the economic boom in your country. Like the video to vote for me, Benjamin! Take the quiz on this lesson here: http://www.engvid.com/political-vocabulary-expressions/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, there, guys. I thought I'd better dress up and put my glasses on today because I have decided to enter politics. Today's class, we're doing political collocations. "Collocations" -- what a long, funny word. What does it mean? Well, "co" generally means "with", and "location" is a place. So "with place". Political word that go together. So "enter", you often find with politics or center management or a new thing. Okay? "Enter politics." "Today, I decided to enter politics." Great? Got it? "To enter politics." Obviously, you can form this verb. "He entered politics when he was 17." So we can have the past, "he entered". Or you can have the future, "He will" -- you probably wouldn't say "enter", though. You'd probably say "get into". "He will probably get into politics when he's older." Okay? "He will" -- blah, blah, blah. So "enter", present and past, generally. Now, "to hold" -- "hold". "I'm holding a pen." You can also "hold" a general election. It means organize, make sure there is a general election, okay? So David Cameron will hold a general election next year or the year after. I should know. I don't. "To hold a general election." So often, we're going to use that with the future tense, "will hold". Or you could do it with the past tense. "A general election was held in 1992." So, "A general election was held." Okay? So you've got an irregular verb there. Now, "to stand for something". If you want to become an important person, you need to stand for positions of authority and importance. "To stand for the presidency." Yeah, I'm standing here right now, but you can "stand" for a position. So "to stand" for the presidency, if you're in North America. Or in the UK, we might say "stand for the position of prime minister". But normally, you would get voted. People are going to say, "You, you, you." Okay? You don't normally put yourself forward for the prime minister position. "To launch a campaign." I'm launching a rocket into space, okay? I'm beating the Russians. I'm beating the Americans. Benjamin, EngVid, launching a space rocket. Okay? But we can also use "launch" with a "campaign". Notice the funny spelling, the -aign, but it's pronounced "cam-pain". Okay? One of those words where the spelling doesn't look like the sound of the word. "To launch a campaign", a campaign. So I might put posters up all over London saying -- I wouldn't do this, okay, because I'm not, you know, an idiot, but, "Vote for Boris Johnson." Okay? I put a campaign. "Everyone, do this. Do this." It's a campaign. I want people in London to do this. A campaign. I want them to take action. I really wouldn't do that. No. "To win an election", okay? You "win" or "lose" an election. The labor party might win the next general election in the UK. That's my little prediction. Have a little bet on me. "To win an election", right? Okay? Win or lose it. You don't -- in football, we talk about winning or losing or drawing. You don't really draw an election, unless you're David Cameron, in which case you sort of have a bit of a partnership with Nick Clegg. Okay. "To serve four years as" -- of course, the number doesn't have to be four. It could be seven. So you could say, "I served for several years on a committee." Okay? So this is just a number that you put in and then what it is that you did. So, "I served five years as a trivia quiz host in London." Okay? I'm serving. It's an act of giving. I'm cutting up my meat for my dinner. But you can also "cut the crime rate". Yeah? If you're in an inner city ghetto, you need the crime rate to be cut so there are fewer muggings. Yeah? "Cut crime" -- yeah, this is bad activity. "Rate" -- how often it happens. If you cut it, it happens less. "To cut the crime rate." Now, I might want to leave politics. Yeah? We talk about "leaving" -- exiting. You wouldn't say, "I exit politics." "I leave politics to pursue" -- that's a lovely word. Let's get that up on the board. "To pursue" -- to do something else. Right? Good. Try and use this word. It's one of my favourites.
How to give a strong presentation: tips & key phrases
Do you have to give presentations for school or work? Today I'm going to teach you key vocabulary and phrases to use in a presentation, speech, or sales pitch. I'll give you my tips for giving a good presentation, and show you how to structure your presentation using language that is intelligent and clear. You'll find it especially helpful if you are shy or nervous when it comes to public speaking. So check out this lesson and give your next presentation in English confidently. http://www.engvid.com/how-to-give-a-strong-presentation-tips-key-phrases/ TRANSCRIPT Good morning, good day, good afternoon, good evening, whatever time of day it is, I hope you're well. Thank you for coming to engVid, and learning to become better at English, the very best place to find on the website for this. My name is Benjamin. Today, we are going to be doing a short lesson on useful vocabulary for making a presentation. So it's going to be useful for college students when you have to make a presentation in class, and also for those of you who are studying business English. So we are going to be looking at how to begin a presentation, how to present ideas, how to... Useful words for putting your ideas across. Lovely. So, a good way to start, at the beginning. We could say: "To begin with", or: "To start off", okay? So: "I'd like to begin by thanking you all for coming today." Okay? "I'd like", obviously short for: "I would like to begin", the infinitive "by"... "I'd like to begin by", and then you list the reasons or what it is you want to start with. Okay. Another use of "begin with" or "by": "It was a great start to the year, beginning with the press conference in Japan", for example. Yeah? "It was a great start to the year", and then "beginning with" with "ing". Just the spelling when you are going to use "ing", you need to add that extra "n". "Beginning with". So: "begin with" or "by". It kind of also works with "start off". So: "I'd like to start off by thanking you for coming to engVid today." Okay? Or: "I'd like to start off by thanking you". "Start off with", "start off by", "begin with", "begin by", great ways for starting a presentation. The next phrase I want to come on to: "base on". Now, "base" as a verb, it has two different functions. Okay? It can be the reason for a decision, or it can be to do with place. Okay? So... If I'm using it in the past, I would say: "This was a decision based on", it's the reason for decision. So, you came to engVid today based on your desire to become better at English. So: "I base", so I... My reason for the decision, I base this on my understanding of the website. Okay? Now, when I'm talking about place, we talk about basing yourself at. So: "This company is based in London", or: "This company is based in Germany", or if you're going to talk about the future: "We will base ourselves in the United States" or: "We will be basing ourselves in Montreal or in Russia." Okay? "To base yourself" and the reason for a decision. Okay so far? I hope so. Going to do a quiz at the end so if you... You can try out these phrases, and then I'll give you a bit of feedback on the quiz. Now, if I'm doing a presentation and I want you to do something, I might say: "I'd like you to come up with some ideas.", "I'd like you to come up with some reasons." Okay? So I'll put: "ideas". Let's just work on the pronunciation, make sure you've got that right. "I'd like you to come", "I'd like you to come up with", "I'd like you to come up with some ideas." And then you can ask them to do it with the person sitting next to them, whatever. Okay? Now, this is quite a difficult phrase: "deal with". Okay? It... It basically means to have an answer to. So: "We need to deal with foreign competitors." This is a very difficult word to spell: "foreign", okay? It's "eiga", "gn", sorry. So: "We need to deal with foreign competitors." Here are the foreign competitors, they're saying things, and we need to have an idea. We need to have a good idea, we need to do something in return. We need to enter the fight, almost. Okay? "To deal with". So, I am dealing with... You can ask it as a question: "Are you dealing with that?" If you're the manager and you're talking to someone in your company: "Are you dealing with that portfolio?" or whatever it is. Right? Now, "move on". This is a good way, if you're doing a speech, to move on to the next chapter. Okay? So I have my beginning, come... I'm getting them to come up with ideas. I'm telling them to deal with something. And now, this is just a way of going on to the next chapter, so I'd say: "Moving on to our company's progress in Hong Kong." Okay? So, "moving on", now let's look at. Or: "I'd like to move on to...", "I would like to", "I would like to move on to". Now, I'd like to move on to our next guest speaker, so I'm just going to go next door and see if he's ready for us. One sec.
Improve Your Vocabulary: 8 Ways to Ask 'CAN I...?'
Want to add colour to your English? One way to sound more natural is to learn to different ways to say things. In this conversational English lesson, I'll show you eight ways to ask "Can I...?". You'll learn formal and informal ways of asking for permission, and even some slang. I'll also show you how some of this vocabulary can be used both as a verb and a noun. Most importantly, you'll hear example sentences to help you understand how native speakers really use these words and expressions. This lesson is great for anyone taking IELTS or TOEFL, or if you just want to add variety to your English. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/improve-your-vocabulary-8-ways-to-ask-can-i/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, and welcome back to engVid. In today's lesson we're looking at expanding your vocabulary, so whether you're preparing for an IELTS speaking test or whether just generally you want your speaking to become more interesting and varied, then this is a good lesson for you. We're taking the basic phrase: "Can I...?" looking for some sort of permission, and looking at different ways that we can say that. I also speak a little bit of French, and I find that I can only say: "Puis-je avoir", and I don't really have any other options. Obviously we're looking at English today. So, a few years ago I found myself going down to the countryside and going for a rather awkward walk with my now father-in-law, and I had to ask for his permission to have his daughter's hand in marriage. Now, these are some ways that I could have said that. I could have said: "Graham, allow me to marry your daughter.", "Allow me" or: "Will you allow me to?" Obviously you've got the noun: "allowance". "Allowance" more normally refers to money, to have an allowance of money. You're allowed to have a certain sum of money. Okay. Next word on the list for today: "permit". Now we have a noun here and a verb. The noun most often speaks to some sort of formal permit to do something. For example, to have a permit to go into a nature reserve. But if we're asking for permission, I can say: "Permit me to..." It's quite formal, so probably not the kind of thing I would say in conversation to someone I know well. It refers to permission. Here is the noun: "permission". "Can I have your permission to do this?", "Do I have your permission to do this?" The next word: "let". "Let me". This is a little bit more forceful. It's taking a bit more control. "Let me do this." It's a little bit more persuasive. Also, we have "let" in terms of a rental. If you are sharing... If you are borrowing a place and you're living in it, you are letting it. You are letting it. It's a similar word to "rent". Next word: "enable". So, the prefix "en", you have "able", putting me... Making me able to do something. "Help me to do this.", "Enable me to do the most wonderful thing in the world.", "Let me do this.", "Let me marry your daughter." Enable me. Make me able. "Facilitate", now, this is a more formal word, more suited to the context of business English. But if I was to use this word, which would be a bit weird in the context, I would say something like: "Graham, I would like to facilitate a wedding with your daughter." It means to organize, but it's not quite the right word to use here. "Consent". Again, a word that is used as a noun and as a verb. If I wanted to use it as a noun, I would say something like: "Graham, do I have your consent to marry your daughter?" Or if I wanted to use it as a verb: "Do you consent me to doing a certain course of action?", "Do you consent that I...?" Okay? So, noun and verb there. "Go ahead", this is also the name of a sort of a cereal bar in the UK, the idea behind: "Go Ahead. Go on, you can do it." Again, noun and verb phrase. As a noun: "to get the go ahead", it means permission. "Do I have the go ahead to go and do this?" And as a verb: "I'm going to go ahead and do this." Okay? So: "Do I have your go ahead?", and as a verb: "Can I go ahead and do it?", "Can I go ahead and organize the wedding?" And lastly, let's think of traffic lights, yeah. So, red, stop; amber, getting ready; green, off we go. So: "green light". So: "Is that a green light, Graham?" Okay? It's a sort of phrase to say: "Can I go off and do this?" Often this phrase is used in the world of film production. If a production has been agreed, the production has been green lit. It's ready to go. I hope you are, too, now with these fantastic new phrases to add to your vocab bank. Why not test yourself by doing today's quiz? Until next time, take care.
Differences between American & British spelling
Do you prefer American English or British English? In this lesson, I'll teach you some of the most common differences between American and British spelling. Learn these differences so that you can write words correctly in the United States and in the United Kingdom. Both styles of spelling are correct. However, it is important to know which style to use, especially if you do business or go to school in an English-speaking country. You can check spelling differences in a dictionary, but this lesson will teach you some of the basic differences in spelling. In New York City you can buy a liter of soda, but in Liverpool you would get a litre. Spell like an American in England and they'll think you weird. Spell like the English in America and they'll think you are very old-fashioned. Can you guess what style of spelling I prefer? Test your international spelling skills:http://www.engvid.com/differences-between-american-british-spelling/ TRANSCRIPT Hello, guys. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. Today, we are looking at the differences between American English and British English, and in particular some of the spelling differences between our two ways of doing things. I'm not saying one is correct and the other is wrong, although I have a preference. So, important things to know if you want to be working in one country is you will need to use that country's way of spelling. I'm going to be looking at some of the ways that we differ in our ways that we end words, looking at some of the consonants as well. It's not an exhaustive list, in terms of there are some other differences, but these are the major differences in the spelling between British and American English. Let's have a look. Let's put our glasses on, have a little look. Mmm. "our" becomes just "or". What is Benjamin talking about? Well, I've got four "our"-ending words from British English spelling: "behaviour", "colour", "labour",-that's a little spade there for digging, doing a bit of manual work-"rumour", passing a rumour about someone. So, what do our fellow Americans do with this lovely "our" formation? Well, unfortunately, they take out the "u". They don't seem to like the "u" very much, so it disappears. Yeah, it just becomes "or". It looks a bit sad, the "r", standing there all on its own. Sorry, "r". Sorry, I... I know you liked "u" a lot. Don't worry. Right, moving on to "re" endings. A little bit different in the U.S. of A. They seem to think the "e" goes there, so: "centre" would become "center". "Theatre", the home theatre, Britain, but in America, it's "theater", "theater". A "litre", we drink pints of beer, here, in Britain, but apparently you have a "liter" of beer in America. "er", okay? We share some similarities, you know, some... They haven't... They haven't kind of told us to completely F off, because they think, you know, words like "acre" should be spelt with an "re", which indeed they should. Okay, great. Moving on to the "l", "l", "l". Should we all practice saying an: "La, la, el, el, la"? Yeah, that's lovely. Feel kind of... Get up, have a little bit of a dance around. Yeah? I don't need to get bored, watching my videos, god's sake. Okay, "l". Well, the Americans don't like doubling the "l", so they don't like two pairs of legs; they just like one-legged people. Strange, I know. So, "cancelled" with my two long legs, they chop a leg off. "Jewellery", okay? There's my two diamond rings just becomes one, and they seem to have got rid of an "e" as well. Okay? So the... There is a couple of different ways the Americans spell "jewelry", this being one, losing an "l" and an "e". "Woollen", I've got a nice woollen jumper. Yeah? Two o's, two l's. Yeah? It's from two sheep, so I need to o's and two l's, but Americans can't quite afford the extra "l", so it just becomes one. Right. A bit more "l" action. Sometimes the Brits just like to use one "l". We are in a bit of a financial crisis at the moment, so sometimes we can only afford one "l", and the American's dollar doing just a balance, okay, so sometimes they have two l's. I "enrol" at university. If you're going to come to Oxbridge or Cambridge, make sure it's a one "l" enrolment for you. If you're going to Harvard, you're looking at two l's. If you fulfil... Fulfil the criteria... "l" there, "l" there, got the yankee doodles. Like... But two l's. Okay? I know you are a skilful student of English, which is why you have been attracted by the laws of the universe to watch this video now. Make sure if you're in Britain, you spell it like this; and if you're in America, with a double "l". Okay? So, just to recap with our l's, a little bit complicated: We like to... We like our double l's sometimes, and sometimes the Americans drop one. So... Okay, so you're... You've got a base word: "jewel", "cancel", if I've got an "l" at the end of the word, then normally I'll put an extra "l" on to the ending. Okay. Good.
Top words for your JOB INTERVIEW & RESUME
Using the right words to talk about yourself in a job interview or on your resume/CV will help you to get the job! There's nothing secret about this. If you learn the right words, you will sound more impressive to the employer than someone who is not using these words. Sound accomplished in your next interview by pulling out the impressive words from today's video. I'll teach you how to use words like committed, implement, launch, and many more. Enhance your vocabulary now, and GET THAT JOB! Take the quiz here: https://www.engvid.com/top-words-for-your-job-interview-resume/ TRANSCRIPT Hello, folks. Welcome back to www.engvid.com, where today, I'm going to be presenting to you some of the very best words in the English language to be putting into your applications for work, and also directly into your CVs and resumÈs. CVs is the name in the UK; resumÈ would be the word in America for your list of work, achievements, and titles. So, what I'm going to be doing today is talking through a list of adjectives to describe yourself in a covering letter. We're going to be looking at good words for saying what you are able to do, and some good verbs for describing what you did in your last job. Hope it helps you get that important job. So, when it comes to talking about yourself... By the way, I just want to make sure because I want you to remember these words after the lesson, so just before we start talking about these words, can you make sure you write them down? Okay? So just write them down on a scrap of paper, and then you'll have them afterwards as well. Okay? Maybe press pause. And welcome back. So, "accomplished", now, this can be a verb or an adjective. The noun would be an accomplishment, I'll write that here. An accomplishment is like an achievement, it's something good that you have done. So, this is obviously in the past simple if I'm using it as a verb. I accomplished whatever. But if I'm talking about it as an adjective, I would say: "I am an accomplished editor, having worked for five years as..." Okay? This is a really useful sort of grammatical structure when you're saying what you can do. "Having worked as..." Okay? There should be sort of a space in here. Or: "Having done this for so many years." So if you want to... "Having worked as", whatever the job title is and then the amount of years or months. Okay? So, you either accomplished something or you are an accomplished engineer, computer programmer, whatever it is that you do. I'm sure it's something cool. Obviously, you have an advanced level of English because you've been watching Benjamin on engVid. Yeah? So, "advanced" is an adjective to describe when you're really good at something. "I am an advanced judo player." Yeah? "I am an advanced karate." Yeah? Advanced is pretty good. "Committed", yeah? Committed. Everyone go like this, committed. Yeah? That means I turn up every day. I don't take any sick days. Yeah? Going to get physical today guys, going to get off your bums, making some moves. Committed, you turn up every day. So this can also be used as a verb. So you could be committed to. "I am committed to my wife." Yeah? "I am committed to the Green Party", whatever it is. The Conservatives, labour. Yeah? Committed to is when you have... You give your... Give yourself to something. Yeah? But if you are using it as an adjective: "I am a committed person", means I turn up every day. "Promoted", so this is probably a word you would stick into the resumÈ. Yeah? Or the CV. So: "I worked at Lloyds Bank and within... Within six months, I was promoted." Everyone go like this, promoted. It means lifted up. Okay? You go up. Promoted. Okay? So, within six months, I was promoted. So in a covering letter, you can talk... You can talk shit and say you're really great. So I was promoted which shows that I am an accomplished, an accomplished blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, whatever it is, the job you do. Now, when we're talking about what you can do, here are some useful little verbs. So, "provide" means provide, I give analysis, provide analysis. "Analysis" is the looking at the positives, the minus. Yeah? You're kind of looking at a scientist with your spectacles, what's good, what's bad. Provide, give analysis. Yeah? "Deliver", again, let's think about our newspaper boy, he delivers the newspaper through, you know, puts it by your door. Maybe in America, you see him delivering like this. So, you can either think deliver or deliver. Yeah? Deliver. In the context of a resumÈ, you could deliver... Deliver excellence. You could deliver a program of. Yeah? You can deliver a training program. Yeah? A training. Something you did. This is what we're avoiding. We are avoiding: "can", "do", and "make" because you're not beginners anymore. You are my advanced students, so we're going to used advanced verbs. Okay?
Real English: Phrases for finding an apartment
http://www.engvid.com/ Have you ever had to look for an apartment? Learn some key questions to ask when searching for a flat in English. This very useful lesson will help you understand the descriptions on rental websites. I will also teach you how to make an appointment to see the place, and how to express yourself during the visit. This lesson is full of new phrases and vocabulary. It will give you all the English you need to find your new home. Take a quiz on this lesson: http://www.engvid.com/real-english-phrases-for-finding-an-apartment/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, guys, and welcome back to www.engvid.com. Today, we are doing accommodation, and particularly, London accommodation. What do you do? You come to London. You need to find a place to live. This could apply to anywhere in the UK. If you don't know someone and have a place to go to, you might need to check out a website like Gumtree or Rightmove.co.uk. Now, what we're going to be doing in today's lesson is looking through a couple of different flats, apartments that I found on the Internet and talking through the key phrases. And then, we'll talk about useful questions to ask if you were to visit a house that you wanted to live in. So I've -- obviously, question No. 1 you have to ask yourself is how much money can I afford to give? So London accommodation can be a little bit expensive, so I gave myself a budget -- "budget" is the maximum I can spend -- of 800 pounds a month. So it's quite a lot. What I found was a bedsit, a "cozy" -- meaning a comfortable bedsit -- which was priced at 195pw. That means per week. Okay? Now, some of the useful phrases I found on this advert for this particular place was that it was a "cozy" bedsit. So this means comfortable. You could also say that it means "small". So the positive is, "Mmm. Nice and comfortable." But the negative, "Ugh. There's no room." Okay? A "bedsit". What a "bedsit" means is that there is a bedroom, but there is no living room. There is no room for a television, sofas, chairs. It's kind of bedroom, kitchen. Okay? So it's quite a small flat. "Presented in" -- that's just a load of crap, really. So you kind of just go, "Oh, it's in a charming" -- what does that mean? "It's in a nice -- "period" just means "old". It's in a nice, old building. Okay? So it's a small place in a nice, old building. It has an open plan. That means if I'm lying in bed, I can see the kitchen. Okay? There's no wall between bed and kitchen. So "open plan" means no wall. "Fully fitted kitchen" -- so we talk about when a kitchen is "fitted", it has refrigerator. Maybe there's a microwave. Put your pizza in. Heat up some food. There's a kettle. Maybe a dishwasher. I can clean my clothes -- those kinds of things would be a "fully fitted". So I can do everything I need in the kitchen. A "shared bathroom" -- to "share" -- if I share my pen with you, then you can use my pen. So if I'm sharing a bathroom, then someone else is peeing on the toilet seat, okay? "Selected Sky channels", so that does not mean all. All -- no. It means the landlord chooses what I can watch on the Sky, so typically, one sport channel, and a couple of useless channels that you don't really want to watch. "The rent includes" -- that means it's 195 a week -- I don't have to spend more on electricity, water, gas, etc. And then, at the bottom of the advert, it says "to arrange". That means to organize -- I'm looking at -- because I've got the advert here, so you know, just scanning through it. "To organize a viewing" -- that means to have a look around -- "please call -- well, the number is -- what is she called? Maria, at 07 55 79 11 636. Maria is going to get loads of calls now. Sorry, Maria. But maybe it's good practice for her because she's clearly Spanish, so she can practice speaking English to you guys. "Double bedroom" -- this is a slightly different part of time. So this place was in Earl's Court, a nice central part of London. My next one is in Shoreditch. This is like, the super cool, kind of, where artsy people are in, so East London. And here, you have a double room. That means there is a bedroom -- somewhere where I sleep. And then, there are other people who I am sharing with. Okay? So I'm sharing with other people. Maybe there are three bedrooms. Now, my key features -- a "feature" is a good point. Okay? It has an eat-in kitchen. That means I make my food -- boiling -- I've made a cooking video. You should check it out. So I'm cooking in the kitchen, and then I can eat in the kitchen because there is a table to sit at. So "eat-in" means plus table. Hopefully with a chair as well. Again, all bills are included. So my price here, my price here -- kind of where I looked there. There, 145 a week. So for a month, that's going to be -- what? Who's good at math? 580 a month. Not too bad. Okay? So it's going to be cheaper if you are sharing with other people, and maybe quite good practicing English with them as well.
Vocabulary: Talking about CLOTHES in English
Clothes are part of our everyday life. In this easy vocabulary lesson, you will learn how to talk about clothing, how to pay compliments about someone’s outfit, and what dress codes such as "smart casual", "black tie", and "Sunday best" mean. Boring vocabulary is so last season, so put your glad rags on, and watch this lesson to learn some exciting new words. You will be looking smart in no time. http://www.engvid.com/english-vocabulary-clothes/ TRANSCRIPT Hello, and welcome back to EngVid. You've found the right place to learn English. Today, we're going to be learning to speak about clothes, about choosing the right clothes, giving compliments, the names of different styles of clothing. So first things first, instructions. If you're holding a party, you might tell them to arrive in a particular type of clothing. You might say, "Dress up." Okay? You expect them to dress up. You'll maybe say to the women to wear skirts and maybe even say to the guys, "Wear a tie." Okay? If it's a smart, smart occasion. "Vamp it up!" is a bit of a party term. If you're a girl and you're inviting other girls to come and party with you, "Vamp it up." You expect mascara and make up, etc. Obviously not for the guys. Don't worry. "Put your glad rags on!" This is another phrase about partying. Kind of put your, sort of, retro flares on and your, kind of, checked shirts. You're going out for a night on the town. Now, I know we've got some viewers who live in Russia. You might want to "wrap up warm". I'm going to Norway this weekend, and I'll certainly be wrapping up warm. Or you could just say, "Wear a shirt and tie" or, "Put on a colourful jacket." Maybe you're having a fancy dress, okay? "Fancy dress" is where we wear -- maybe you dress up as Mr. Men or as superheroes. "Fancy dress" is a particular type of character party. Good. Other types of clothing, "Sunday best". You go to church, and you have a nice Sunday lunch. You'd ask them to put on their "Sunday best", their best clothes for a Sunday. If it's a, kind of, smart, sort of, business networking -- perhaps at someone's house -- maybe "smart casual", respectable clothing. "Evening wear" is a little bit more smart, okay? "Evening wear", kind of, suits, shirts, ties, maybe "black tie". That would suggest a bow tie. Or in America, you call that "tuxedos", okay? Or "professional work attire". That's, kind of, the kind of clothes that you would go to the office in. Now, I'm going to be going to a party this evening, so I'll just go and spruce up. See you in a little bit. So I'm ready for my party. I've put my after-shave on. And, wow. Look at her. She's looking pretty good. I need to think of some compliments, some nice things to say about the clothes she's wearing. A nice simple one, I could say, "Great outfit." Or, "You're looking great." Now, if I'm talking just about the clothes, I could say, "That -- those trousers go really well with the top you're wearing." Or, "It works. It really works with your hair, the hair colour and trousers." Or, "The top, it just so suits your particular eye type, your eye colour." So you can pair the colours of their hair and their eyes." Or you could just say, "That really suits you." Okay? "Suits" is the same word as a business suit. You can use it as a verb as well. "It really suits you." Now, some more compliments. You can use "so" as a, sort of, substitute for "very". So I could say, "You're looking so smart." Or, "You're looking so elegant, so graceful, so stylish." Or, "You're looking dapper." "Dapper" is more often used about men than it is about girls. But it's a great adjective for saying that you're looking good. Now, some nasty things to say about what someone's wearing, some criticisms. "I am sorry, but those colours just don't work on you" or, "Those colours, they don't really work very well with you. They don't suit you." Okay? Or if I just don't think their clothes balance with them, I could say, "You don't really pull that off." Like, if I were wearing a yellow checked suit with a pink spotted shirt, my wife would say to me, "Benjamin, you can't really pull that one off." Okay. Now, if you're very knowledgeable about fashion, you could say, "That's a bit last season." Okay? "Season." We've, you know, spring, summer, autumn, winter. And fashions, you have spring fashions, summer fashions. "A bit last season. The clothes you are wearing are a bit 2012." Now, particular things with the clothes. If the colour is a bit faded -- can you all see my trousers? The colour, it's a bit faded. Okay? It's a bit torn. Can you see here? My trousers, they're torn. I jumped over a fence to get into a festival, and now, they're torn. Okay? "Ripped." It's the same thing.
Simple but useful words in English: STILL, YET, ALWAYS, ALREADY... -- Learn them!
These simple words and expressions can make your English much clearer! In this lesson I've put together vocabulary that can express time, frequency, amount, distance, and ability. Most of these words are adverbs, but I'll show you how they can be used as adjectives, conjunctions, nouns, and verbs too. We'll learn the words through examples in the context of a job interview, so you hear real-life usage. By using these words correctly, you'll drastically improve your English, so play this video and advance your English! TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/still-yet-always-already/ TRANSCRIPT Welcome back to engVid. Today we are looking at some short words that we really need to be able to use accurately to help you with your English. Today is aimed at beginners who have particular problems with these words: "still", "yet", "always", "already", "no longer", "not quite", "nearly". There are several different ways of using these words. This video aims to show you how. Okay, we have a situation. Benjamin has found himself looking for other work. He needs to get a new job in a garden of... In a hotel garden. Okay? So, off I go, I'm going along to the interview. And I know that the first question they're going to ask me is: "So, why do you want to work here?" They always ask it, let's face it. So, preparing for my interview, I'm going to try to use this word "still" in not one, not two, not three, but four different ways; as an adjective, a conjunction, a noun, and as a verb. Do you think I can do it? Yeah, come on. Right. So first of all, I can use it as a describing word. Okay? So, "still" means lovely, calm, and quiet. Or as a conjunction, so I'm saying something, and then I change my mind. I say: "Still", and then I go off by saying something totally different. I could use it as a noun, but then I will be using "stillness", a sense of stillness. Okay? And I can use it as a verb, meaning to make quiet. Okay, so off I trot along to the interview, feeling pretty good, I think I can do it. And they say to me: "So, Benjamin, why do you want to work here?" And I say: "Well, it's a lovely place. I really enjoy the... The still atmosphere that is in the garden. I can imagine working here, definitely. Still, I do have a few concerns and reservations that I would like to speak to you about." And they say: "Oh yes, yes, tell us, Benjamin, what are they?" Doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo. Now I need to use "still" as a noun. "But overall, I really do love the... The sense of stillness that is to be found in these beautiful gardens." Okay? And then I go: "Okay, and I will remember to still my voice when I'm around the guests so that they can relax." Okay. Still, we've done it. Let's move on to "yet". Okay, so "yet" is an adverb that basically means "but", or if you prefer: "in spite of". I can also use "yet" in this phrase: "As of yet", meaning: "So far this is what's happened". Okay? So, the interview panel-okay?-the few people asking me the questions say to me: "Benjamin, you don't seem to have much experience as a gardener. What makes you think that you can actually do this job?" And I say: "Well, it may look like that from my CV, my curriculum vitae, yet I do actually have quite a lot of experience because I've always been doing this in my spare time. As of yet, I may not have much formal experience, but that does not mean that I do not have the skills that I need." Okay? So: "yet" meaning "but", and "so far" if it's used with "as of yet". "Always" you're probably familiar with. It means forever. "I have always been gardening. It's a passion. I really enjoy it, finding about the names of plants, etc." Kind of, I'm just saying it for the interview. "Already" meaning before expected. "I have already learnt how to... I have already had a good look around the garden and I know what goes where, and when the plants come into bloom." See, I'm doing a good job of blagging here, aren't I? Okay. "No longer", what does that mean? Well, two sort of differences, firstly to do with time. Okay? Once something was and now it is not. For example: "I am no longer working as a driver. I was working as a driver, but now I am not so I want to work as a gardener." And the second meaning of "no longer" is to talk about distance. The interview panel ask me, they say: "Benjamin, you seem to have a long commute here", a long commute, a journey into work. Yeah. Well, I say: "It's not longer than a couple of miles, no, I can do it easily. No problem". "No longer than", meaning it's not more than. Next phrase: "not quite". Here we're referring to an amount or an ability. So they might say to me... What could they say? "Benjamin, what are your expectations from us?" and I could say: "Well, I'm not quite sure what you mean by that." It means: "Not quite... I'm not totally sure." So, this is more to do with ability. "I'm not totally sure what you mean by that question."
Learn how to tell an interesting story... or make a boring story interesting!
Telling a good story is an art form. Almost any story can be interesting if you take it beyond its basic elements: time, place, and characters involved. Learning how to tell a good story will not only help you in social conversations but also in a job interview setting or even an IELTS Speaking task. Good conversation skills show off your level of fluency and will impress your interviewer. In social settings, people are attracted to and enjoy being around interesting, dynamic speakers. To help you develop your storytelling skills, I have laid out my method based on years of experience as an actor and storyteller. So watch the video to learn how to tell a story like a n engaging, fluent English speaker. Then, take the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/tell-an-interesting-story/ TRANSCRIPT Hi there. Welcome back to engVid with me, Benjamin. Today we are looking at the art of storytelling. Who is this useful to? Well, you may find that in an interview situation, being able to tell a good story could help you, as long as it's appropriate to the interview; also, IELTS speaking, being able to sort of go beyond yourself and say more than you normally would is going to benefit you in terms of sounding fluent; and also, conversational, social skills - it's good to be able to tell a story. Now, what I'm going to be sharing with you today has taken me a lot of time, a lot of experience to figure out the truth of this, and I've basically worked out that this is right. Okay? So, two parts in today's lesson: We've got basic storytelling; and then if you want to be clever clogs, you can add in the extra elements. So, a basic story has what Aristotle, the Greek philosopher, came up with 2,000 years ago. It has three consistent things: It talks about place-okay?-it happens in a place; it happens at a time, a certain time; and there are characters involved. And these should be smooth. He talked about how we should have a clear story idea, it happens in time order. So this relates to us today telling a good story. Okay? It should happen at a certain point. We need to know where, okay? Place, setting, similar idea. Which characters do you have in the story? A plot - there's got to be a reason for telling it: "Is it an unusual story? Is it funny? Is it interesting?" What's the ending? You don't want to leave your audience, going: "Oh", at the end of the story. You've got to think: "This story has got to have a good ending." Okay? Otherwise you leave them with not a very good feeling. Okay. So, if I'm going to demonstrate this, I will tell you a story. So, the time that this took place. So this was last summer, and the place: I was trying to get to the airport. I was trying to get to Gatwick Airport, just outside of London. To set the scene a bit, we've got a friend's wedding happening in Italy. Taking my son and wife on a flight out to Italy. Very important that we get there, lots of friends there, and traffic starts piling up and it starts getting quite tight - the time. Are we going to get on the plane or not? Okay, so now we need to include some more plot elements. So, what was unusual is that I told my wife: "Look, if we carry on like this, we're not going to catch the plane." So we swapped over, and she started driving down the hard shoulder. It's not about your shoulder; it means the side bit of the road that you're not really meant to drive on. And kind of the funny bit is that we got through this horrendous traffic on the most nasty... The nastiest road in the U.K., which is the M25, which is more sort of sitting around than actually driving anywhere. We got through this nasty traffic. It looked like we were going to catch the flight, and then we ran out of petrol 10 miles from the airport. Fortunately, we did manage to get onto the flight eventually, after a few more mishaps. Okay? So we've got a rough story there, which I can now make quite a lot better by adding in these elements. First of all, if you're sat around with a group of people, you don't just suddenly start telling a story, and you shouldn't really plan what stories you're going to tell. A story could come out of what has been spoken, what people are talking about, otherwise it's like: "Well, what are you talking about?" Okay? So there's got to be a link. So, if I was telling this story, maybe I would be talking to friends about holidays, about getting to planes, and I would say something like: "This... Yeah, I've had a bad experience before of trying to get to the airport. I'll tell you about this time last summer." Okay? So, linking it to the conversation. Beginning well. "I'll tell you a little tale", okay? It's quite sort of soft and polite, but rather than being: "[Makes motorboat noise]", it invites people to listen in. It kind of quietens things down, and people start listening. There need to be things in the story that grab people's attention. So... And this kind of links to this next point of embellishment and exaggeration.[…]
Learn 18 English PHRASAL VERBS for compliments & criticism
Being able to give compliments and criticism is important both professionally and socially because it lets you make suggestions and improvements. But before you say what's on your mind, be sure to find a delicate and sensitive way to express your thoughts. To help you with this, I have put together this lesson on phrasal verbs for complimenting and criticizing others. I will teach you the meaning of "butter up", "pat on the back", "pick on", "rub something in", and more. These will enable you to express your thoughts and feelings clearly and accurately. If you get a ten out of ten in the quiz afterwards, don't be a "show off"! https://www.engvid.com/english-phrasal-verbs-compliments-criticism/ TRANSCRIPT Hi there, and welcome back to engVid. Today we are looking at phrasal verbs for complimenting someone and criticizing them. So, I'm wearing a clue as in what I'm wearing today, which should give you a clue as to which one I might be looking at on this board over here. Which one do the costumes give you the clue to? Well done: I am raving about. Okay, so this lesson should help you both in the professional world to, you know... Appraisals, we have to give opinions at work in a delicate and sensitive manner; but also in a social way, you know, to get things better, we compliment and we suggest improvements. To make sure that you're not just sitting there like a couch potato, and that you're going to learn and have some fun in today's lesson, I thought I'd play a quick game with you before we actually come on to the learning points. So what I want you to do is stand up. If you are sat down in a chair in front of the computer, just stand up and just going to be a series of instructions that you're going to have to try and follow. Up for it? Good. Okay, so we're standing. So, when I say: "Go", I want you to walk on the spot. Go. And then when I say: "Stop", you're going to stop. Stop. Now, when I say: "Stop", you're going to go; and when I say: "Go", you're going to stop. Stop. Go. Very good. Okay, I'm going to give you one more practice. Ready? Stop. Go. Okay. We're going to make it a little bit more interesting now, we're going to include a couple more instructions. So, when I say: "Clap", you're going to jump; and when I say: "Jump", you're going to clap. Okay? Stop. Clap. Jump. Go. Very, very good. I think we're all ready, awake, switched on, brain in gear, ready to learn. Okay, so, I thought we'd talk about me today, Benjamin. We're always talking about random people and their story, so today we're going to talk about me. So, if I was "to find favour with you", it means... Well, we can see that the word "favourite"... So I would become a favourite of yours. "To find favour". "Favour" means a good feeling. "To look up to", so obviously some of you are going to veer more on that side of the board, but some of you might look up to some of the teachers on here, and think: "Yes, thank you, teacher, sometimes you teach me something". "To look up to", so we're looking up. Okay? Like that person is on a pedestal. Okay? Like they are on a... "To put someone on a pedestal" means to value them highly, which links to this phrase: "To speak highly of someone". If I speak highly of someone, it means that I say good things about them. So, if you speak highly of me, you tell your friends: "Benjamin on engVid, he teaches me good things." "To butter up", so... "To butter", so there's a sense here that we're trying to make the person listen to us, we're trying to make that person sweet. You know, toast on its own is not very nice, but with a bit of butter it becomes easier to eat. So, if you butter up to someone, maybe you're trying to get them to do something. If you butter up to me, maybe you're writing a message on the forum, saying: "Benjamin, dah-dah-dah-dah-dah", and that's buttering up. "To hand it to". So, we would use this a little bit like: "Oh, I've got to hand it to you. That was fantastic. I've got to hand it to you". "To hand it to" means to give credit. To give credit. If you hand it to me, then it's like: "Yeah, Benjamin, that was good." Don't worry, you'll get to say bad things in a moment. If you give me a "pat on the back"-okay?-that means well done. "To pat on the back" means to congratu-... To congratulate. "To take your hat off to", okay? So that is a symbol of respect, to take your hat off. There's a... So we're harking back to sort of Victorian manners, here, where a gentleman would take their hat off as a form of respect to another person. We still have this reference here in our way of speaking. "To take your hat off to" means to show respect. "To wax lyrical about", kind of an unusual phrasal verb, this one. So, "wax" we get in a... Do you know what wax makes? It makes candles. "Wax lyrical", so we can see the word, the shorter word in the big word: "lyric", write a song, so you're kind of using a candle to write a song, you're kind of making something sound quite good. […]
Become a better writer: How to use personification
This lesson will transform your writing by making it richer and more interesting to read. How can you do that, you ask? By using personification, a style of writing which makes an object come to life as if it were a person. Let me explain. If you haven’t done your homework one night, and it is getting late, you might stare at your school books and feel anger or panic. You could say, “My evil textbooks were staring at me, laughing”. Of course, your books are objects that have no emotions, but as a person, you might attribute feelings to objects, and this is what we call “personification”. The next time you write a story, why not use this technique once or twice, to make the text more engaging? Watch the lesson to find out how to use this technique, with plenty of examples. Test yourself with the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/become-a-better-writer-personification/ NEXT, watch these lessons to take your learning even further: 1. Improve your Writing: Show, Not Tell: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pHdzv1NfZRM&list=PLpRs5DzS7VqpcTS7hXJU4ARPwSETGI1gy&index=20 2. 50 adjectives to describe what you see, hear, feel, smell, and taste: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DjKCXBHvMQw&list=PLpRs5DzS7VqpcTS7hXJU4ARPwSETGI1gy&index=14 TRANSCRIPT Hello. Welcome back to engVid. Today we have a writing lesson for you to transform your writing so that it becomes richer and more interesting to read. Okay. What are we talking about? We're talking about personification today. "Personification", let's just write it, there. "Person", "fication" - that suffix means making into. So, we're making into a person an object or a non-human thing. For example: "The car. The car screamed around the corner." If I say: "The car screamed", I'm exaggerating the noise of the car. It's obviously got a very powerful engine; slightly antisocial. Okay? "The car screamed around the corner." It exaggerates how much of a hurry this car is in. "The sun". Okay? Which one of these words do you think would go with "sun"? Would the sun watch? Not really. So, it's either going to be a nice feeling, the sun - it's warming us; or it's too hot, in which case it's going to be slightly unpleasant. "The sun sat... Sat up in the sky"? Possibly. "The sun spat" - no, that sounds more like rain than sunshine to me. What about "glared"? Okay? It's looking and it's quite harmful, these rays. "The sun glared out. The sun glared out, shining its harmful UV rays into the person's skin." Right. "The house". The house can either: "spit", "sit", or "watch". What should we go for? "The house spat out"? No. "The nightclub spat out the drunk", but I don't think we're going to have a house spitting. It may be sitting, though. "The house was perched; the house was sat on the top of the hill from which there was a fantastic view." "The clock", "watched". "The clock", "the clock". Let's go for the ones that's easiest first; it's always a good exam technique - you go what's... Through what's easier first. "The washing machine spat out the dirty clothes at the end of the cycle." A "cycle" is a complete sort of revolution; it's a complete trip in the washing machine. A trip in the washing machine? You know what I mean. It's when the clothes go in and it finishes. That means we have: "The clock" and "watched". "The clock watched the inhabitants of the house mournfully." Okay? "Mournfully" - an adverb to express sadness. So, what are we doing here? What we're doing is we're bringing to life these objects. They're kind of turning into characters. We don't say: "he" or "she" for objects, like you do in other languages, but we can use personification to describe and give things more of a quality. Let's have another go: "The washing machine _________ my change". Okay? So, a vending machine is something, you know, you put a coin in, get a can of Coke or get a chocolate bar, or something healthier. Right? I've put some money into the vending machine, and it's taken that money and not given me a can of Coke. So, obviously that's quite annoying, so I want to turn this vending machine into an annoying person. Okay? So, what's going to be an annoying action? I need to describe the swallowing of my change. That's something a human could do; a human swallows. Let's have that kind of idea, but I'm going to use: "gobbled up". "The vending machine gobbled up my change." Nasty vending machine. Then what's it going to do? "It..." Hmm. "It _________ at me as if it had not done anything wrong." Okay? So, I don't know about you, but when I'm a teacher and I look out to my class and I catch someone doing something they shouldn't do, and they'll often go: "Mm, no. I haven't done anything wrong." Okay? It's the same with this vending machine. We're trying to turn them into a human being. "It stared at me as if it had not done anything." Obviously, the vending machine doesn't eyes... Doesn't have eyes, but we're giving it a human characteristic. […]
Vocabulary - Learn 30 adjectives in English to describe your personality
Have you ever been asked to describe yourself? To talk about your personality or someone else's personality, you need adjectives! In this vocabulary lesson, you will learn personality adjectives from the horoscope. I will look at each of the star signs and identify and explain the common adjectives described for each one of them. For example, Taurus is "persistent", "resentful", and "inflexible". Whether you believe in astrology or not, you will gain new insight into your personality and learn how to describe it by watching this lesson. Make sure to do the quiz at the end to test your understanding! http://www.engvid.com/30-personality-adjectives/ TRANSCRIPT Hello. Good afternoon, good evening, good morning. I hope you're having a great day, wherever in the world you are. Today, we are doing a lesson on adjectives to describe people; maybe yourself, maybe people you know. And the way we are doing this today is by looking at the horoscope. Okay? That kind of old thing of saying: "You were born in this month, so you are like this." I don't really care if you agree or disagree with the horoscope. Irrelevant. Throw it out the window. We are here to learn some great English. Yeah? So, we're going to go through them. And first we start with a positive trait. So, a "trait" is a characteristic, something that you do. Okay? So positive traits of people who are Aries, and then negative traits. Okay? So positive and then negative. Okay? Makes sense? Brilliant. If you are Aries, you were born... So, just before we get started, today is also going to be useful for looking about how we talk about dates as well. It's a little bit of revision on dates as well. So, Aries people are... Were born... Past tense. Were born between the 21st of March and the 20th of April. So if that's you, positive trait: you are adventurous. You like doing things. You like exploring and seeing new lands. Okay? You're quite courageous. But the negative trait is that you may be impulsive. Your friend says to you: "Hey, should we go and cross the road?" And you're like: "Yeah, yeah, I'll cross the road," and a bus comes and "ughl". Okay? So that's being impulsive. Taurus, that's me, the bull. Okay? Taurus... Taurines were born between the 21st of April and the 20th of May. We are persistent. I will carry on until my lesson finishes. Okay? I carry on. I carry on. But I may be a little inflexible. I'm carrying on with my lesson, and someone comes and says, you know: -"The building is on fire." -"No, no, no, no, no. I'm sorry. I am inflexible". "Flexible" means, you know, I am bendy. I cannot bend because I am doing my lesson; this is what I am doing. Okay? So if you do lots of yoga, you would be a flexible person. I am inflexible. [Laughs] Gemini. If you're Gemini, you were born between the 21st of May and 20th of June. Now, Gemini people, they are eloquent and they speak very good English, so probably Gemini people, they're not here, because you know, they're already good. So they're eloquent speakers. Maybe they're... Okay, so we can talk about eloquent speech, and we can talk about maybe eloquent clothes. So you can say: "He was dressed very eloquently." Formal use of language. So they're eloquent, but they're superficial. Okay? Maybe all they care about is their clothes, and they don't want to think about meditation and prayer, and world peace. Okay? So they're just thinking about: "My Gucci top." Cancer, those guys were born between the 20th of June and the 22nd of July. They are cautious. "Is it safe to come in the room now? Is it safe? Do I have time to go into the room? I'm not sure if I have time." Okay? I'm cautious. Sometime... Maybe you've seen this word: "caution". You might see it on a road sign. "Caution: ferrets crossing the road." I have to pay attention. These people are always paying attention. And on... So that... That's meant to be a positive trait, they're cautious. Maybe it's negative. I don't know. A negative trait is that they are hypersensitive. This means... "Hyper" means more than sensitive. So "sensitive" is I am really aware of your feelings. All right? "Oh, no. No. Are you upset? Are you angry? Oh no. No, no, no. He's angry. Oh, no. I've made him angry." Okay? I am more than sensitive. Okay? Good. Leo, the lion. Roar. 23rd of July to the 22nd of August. Expansive. Now, if you've studied your Latin, you'll know that "ex" means out of. "Expand", yeah? We talk about science. Expand, it means to grow bigger. If my stomach is expanding, it's getting bigger. If I'm an expansive person, my horizons are getting bigger.
10 ways to say 'NO' in English (politely!)
If I ask you out to dinner and you don't want to go, how will you say no? We have lots of expressions to politely say no, without actually saying the word "no". In this lesson, you'll learn 10 expressions you can use to politely decline an invitation. You'll discover that that we never directly say that we don't want to go. This can be confusing for anyone who isn't familiar with English culture, and especially if English isn't your first language. Learn these 10 common expressions so you can understand native English speakers, and politely refuse an offer if someone asks you out. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/10-ways-to-say-no-in-english-politely/ TRANSCRIPT Hello, and welcome to another engVid video. Today is a conversational class. We're looking at how the British say: "No". Now, how could today's lesson be useful to you? Well, it's a cultural difference how we accept or refuse invitations, and getting it right is quite important to making sure you don't upset someone when they do put an invitation out there to you. The situation which we find ourselves in is the following: A friend of ours has asked me to go for a powerwalking weekend in Skegness, which is not one of the nicest parts of England. Apologies if you are from Skegness, of course. Now, powerwalking, it's a... I'm more into sort of windsurfing, or surfing, or sailing something in the water, but you know, two poles striding up a mountain is a little bit... I'm not quite ready for that. I'm a little bit too juvenile. So, how do I politely decline this fantastic invitation? I could say: "Well, thank you so much. That's such a kind invitation, but..." Okay? So we can preface this with: "Thank you so much. That is such a kind invitation, but I'm not particularly keen on... I'm not particularly keen on..." What it actually means is I hate powerwalking, but we're going to say: "I'm not particularly keen..." Okay? "Keen" means enthusiastic. Okay? "I'm not particularly keen on powerwalking or Skegness." "That's such a wonderfully kind invitation, but it's not really my idea of how I'd like to spend a weekend." This is quite rude. This is quite: "Oo, okay. Steady on.", "It's not really my idea of..." So, you know, if you know the person really well and you've got that level of honesty in your friendship, then try this. If you don't know the person so well, maybe try this one instead: "I'm so sorry, but it's just not my idea of..." Or you could use, instead of: "My idea of...", "It's just not my cup of tea", because we all like to have a cup of tea here in the UK. "I'm so sorry. I'm so sorry", okay? This "so" really gives the impression that we really care. "I'm so sorry, but it's just not my idea of..." or "it's just not my cup of tea". I don't really like these activities. "Well, thank you so much. I'd actually much rather..." or: "I'd actually much rather..." So, "actually" doesn't really mean anything here. It's just... It's a filler word that helps us seem polite. "I'd actually much rather do anything else apart from that.", "I'd much rather..." Okay? So this is a little bit like the second one there. If you know the person reasonably well and you've got that level of honesty in your friendship. "I'd actually much rather be cracking on with something else.", "Cracking on", funny, English phrase meaning doing, getting on with. "Cracking on". "I'd actually much rather be..." It's quite a posh phrase. "...be cracking on with...", "I'd much rather be cracking on with..." Okay. Next option: "I'm afraid I'm not really interested in..." Okay? Quite similar to some of these others in... These other options. "I'm afraid I'm not available then. I'm afraid I just can't do it on those dates", would be another way if you don't want to offend them by saying that you don't like powerwalking. You'll notice some red followed by the blue. Obviously, the colours of the Union Jack, feeling patriotic today and enthusiastic about our strange ways of talking. Option number six: "That's fantastic, but I'm perfectly happy with..." So let's have a different scenario now. Let's say that we are in the west end, and we're going between places and an enthusiastic, young rickshaw driver, a cycle rickshaw comes up and offers us a lift for a ridiculous amount of money to go about a hundred yards. So you say: "That's fantastic, but I'm perfectly happy with walking. Thank you.", "I'm perfectly happy with walking.", "I'm perfectly happy to walk", so you could have a "to" there, infinitive verb. "That's fantastic" or "That's so kind". Next way of saying: "No". "I'll", short for "I will": "I'll have to think about that. Thank you so much for asking. The rickshaw driver comes up. "I'll have to think about that." Quite why... It's just something we say. We're not actually going to think about it. We already know that the answer is: "No".
How to Speak English - Pronunciation for Russian Speakers
Want to speak English more naturally? This lesson is designed specifically for our Russian students. It addresses pronunciation of consonants, such as 'W' and 'V', which are difficult for Russian speakers. Often, Russians speak English very well, with almost perfect grammar. Watch this lesson and practice your pronunciation with me so that you can speak, and be understood, clearly. Although this lesson explores pronunciation issues that Russian speakers struggle with, all ESL students can benefit from the practice. Удачи! http://www.engvid.com/english-pronunciation-for-russian-speakers/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, there. Welcome back to EngVid. Today, we're doing a pronunciation lesson. It's particularly designed for Russian speakers who -- I had some experience of working in a language school this summer, and there were mistakes that I noticed from some of the Russian-speaking folks. But it's also a lesson to really drill pronunciation for speakers of first languages -- if it's Spanish, French, German -- whatever your first language is, it will be a useful lesson for you. So do stay tuned, and let's work on crystal clear, crisp pronunciation for all of you. Okay. We're just going to be looking mainly at consonant noises, sounds, today. And then, a little bit on how we use our pitch to suggest that what we are saying is a question. Is that right? Yes, it is. So first of all, the difference between T and D. T, T, T, T. Okay? I'm flicking my tongue along the roof of my mouth. T, T -- okay? But when I do D, D, D, I'm making more of a sound. D, D, D. Okay. T, T, T -- it's kind of without the force of my breath. But when I do D, D, D, I put more weight behind it -- D. Okay? So we're going to do this side, and then this side. Please repeat after me. Ten, den. Ten, den. Try, dry. Latter, ladder. Whiter, wider. Bent, bend. Mate, made. Good. So you all know the meanings of this. Obviously, the number ten. "Den" is like an outdoor little house. "Try" -- put in effort. "Dry" -- the opposite of "wet". "Latter", as in "the last". "Ladder" to climb up. "Whiter" teeth than you. "Wider" than him. "Bent" -- "bend", the process, the verb of bending. "Mate" -- my friend. "Made" in Chelsea." Okay? Where something is produced. Now, we're looking particularly at the dark L, the stronger L, L, L. So it's a sound that I make quite back in my mouth. L, L. Again, the tongue is kind of doing that, but it's back in my mouth -- L. Whereas R, R, R, it's further forward, further forward. L, L, R, R. See what my mouth is doing? R, okay? R, R. It's kind of opening and coming down -- R. Let's practice here. Load, road. Load, road. Lice, rice. Liver, river. Fly, fry, fry. This is a difficult one because you've got the F followed by the R -- F, R, F, F, F, F, F. So I'm using my bottom lip down here -- F -- flicking it up to the stop lip. F -- rye. Fry, fry. Belly, berry. Belly, berry. Okay. So that dark L and the R. I also noticed some difficulty with the nasal -- the nose sound NG. Okay? When I do that NG sound, I should feel vibration here in my nose. NG. Have a go at home. NG. Okay, focus that noise out here through your nose. And let's go for "sing". Okay? Feel the vibration in your nose. Ring, bring, fling, thing. Again, let's check the meaning. "Sing", obviously "sing" a song. "Ring" on my finger. "Bring" me a cake. "Fling" a pen; throw -- also means "romance", a fling. And "thing" is an object. Okay? Now, we're on to TH. Oh, just having a bit of a malfunction of the old wardrobe. Don't worry; my trousers aren't falling down. We're okay. We're okay. Now, obviously, there's no TH sound in the Russian alphabet, so it's going to be particularly difficult for Russians. TH, TH. So my lip is going to my upper jaw and to the front teeth. They, they. Okay. Make sure your tongue comes right forward to the tip of your teeth. They, they. And it just nestles under there under your teeth. They. They, dey. They, dey. There, dare. Thy, die. Then, den. Southern, sudden. Okay. Let's do it one more time. They, dey -- misspelling. Dey -- that sounds like a kind of Jamaican phrase. "Dey people over there, man. Dey [inaudible]." Okay. But I actually mean "day" with an A. Okay? There, dare. Thy, die. Then, den. Southern, sudden. "Sudden" meaning "quick"; it happens fast. This, I think, is probably the biggest mistake that Russian speakers would make, the confusion between W and V. W, V -- vibration here in the lips -- V -- and release -- V -- release. West, vest. Went, vent. Wire, via. This is a really confusing one, wire and via. Also, for German speakers, this is relevant. Wary, vary. Wiper, viper. Okay? W and V -- feel the vibration here. W -- okay, watch what I'm doing -- W.
Learn 15 English Phrasal Verbs about CRIME!
Do you like police shows or movies? This lesson is all about the phrasal verbs we use to talk about crime, the police, and criminals. You'll learn fifteen expressions that will help you understand what the police and criminals are talking about. I'll tell you a story and we'll talk about planning a crime, committing a crime, and what happens afterwards. Try to listen out for these phrasal verbs the next time you're watching your favorite detective show! TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/phrasal-verbs-crime/ TRANSCRIPT Hi there. Welcome back to engVid with me, Benjamin. How are you today? Hope you're well wherever you're watching this from. In today's lesson we are looking at phrasal verbs to do with crime. Why might this be of interest to you? Well, I don't know. If you watch a TV detective series, which are becoming increasingly popular, then you will start to understand more if you're watching American or English series. God forbid you might come to the UK or America and find yourself in a situation in which you are needing to speak to the police. Maybe some of the words here will help you get out of that situation smoothly. Or you may just be able to use these phrasal verbs to help your overall conversational fluency. Today's section is... Today's lesson is organized into three sections. We have before a crime, an incident; we have during; and we have what happened after. So, a few years ago I had a German student who came to visit me here in London, and I showed him around for a week. Lovely guy called Robert. And I took him to the law courts, so I took him to the most famous courts in London called the Old Bailey, which is where some quite nasty crimes where the... Where the people accused go to court. I'll just write that down, people accused. So if you're accused of a crime it means someone says you have done something bad, you need to be punished. So they go to court. They go to court. Okay? So, this particular story, I was there with Robert listening in the court to what had happened. Somebody had been put up. "To put somebody up to". Okay, so let's just... We have... We have a group of people. This person here, he is the boss of the group and he is putting pressure on, he wants this person to carry... Carry out a crime. Okay? To carry out a crime, to do something bad. So he starts putting somebody up to, so he starts going: "Come on, so-and-so, you can do this. It would be a really good idea. You'll get lots of money." Okay? So, "to put somebody up to", to put them up. You're putting them up, you're helping them be able to do it, to put somebody up to, to encourage, to help them to do it. "Put somebody up to", to make them think they can do it. Next phrase: "To lead somebody on". So, here we have boss, and we'll call this man Gareth. Boss says to Gareth: "Come on, Gareth, come with me. We're going to go and do something. It's a great idea." So, Gareth is following boss. Yes? He is taking the lead from the boss. He is leading him on. "Lead somebody on" is to give... Is to give a bad example. Next verbal... Phrasal verb: "Get mixed up in". Gareth has found that he is with the wrong people. Yeah? If you think of a box of sweets, they all get mixed up. Gareth, here, has got mixed up with some bad people. "To get mixed up in" means to hang out with... To get mixed up in, to hang out with the wrong people. Okay. "Lean on". Gareth has started saying: "Mm, not sure, boss, if that's what I want to do. I'm not sure if it's a good idea to go into a shop with a gun and ask for all of their money." But boss starts leaning on Gareth. Yeah? He starts leaning on Gareth and says: "Come on, Gareth, you know it's a good thing to do." Okay? So he leans on. "To lean on" means to put pressure. And to lean on someone, you could use that in a business context as well, meaning to put a bit of pressure on someone to do something. Gareth says yes. He agrees to go into this gambling shop with a gun and ask for all of their money. So, he comes into the shop with a balaclava, with a hat with just eyes, and he says: "This is a hold up. I'm going... This is a hold up." Okay? A "hold up" means, you know, hold your hands up. Okay? It's a hold up. Everyone's going to put their hands up, and Gareth is going to come and take the money. Okay? To... To do a hold up, to give a hold up, to make a hold up, to create a hold up. A hold up. A hold up. Now, if Gareth went home and said to boss: "I got a little bit scared. I didn't do it", then boss might beat Gareth up. "To beat up" means to attack, to hurt. Okay? To cause physical pain. Okay. Gareth comes back from the boss, says: "Okay, okay, I'll go back into this shop and continue with what I was doing." He finds that the doors have been locked, so now he needs to break in. "Break" means to damage something. He has to break the doors to get in. It's a break in.
Learn English Vocabulary: The Dark Side of Politics
It is important to know what is going on in the world, but reading an English newspaper can be scary for learners. Watch this video to learn important vocabulary that you will find in newspapers, on news websites, and on TV. In this lesson, I'm focusing on words that have to do with the negative side of politics and power. These are words that you'll come across all the time, but it seems like they are being used currently even more than usual. So watch this video and learn the words and phrases. Once you do, go read some news stories. It's a great feeling to be able to understand something that you wouldn't have been able to just a short time ago, so I really hope you'll watch, learn, and then put it to use by reading, listening, and watching! Take the quiz on this lesson: https://www.engvid.com/learn-english-vocabulary-the-dark-side-of-politics Watch other political vocabulary videos: GENERAL POLITICAL VOCABULARY: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1NIcll5RErg UNDERSTANDING THE US ELECTIONS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G_usaB8EAcs WAR & MILITARY VOCABULARY: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6gfvHBy5ZOE 1200+ ENGLISH LESSON VIDEOS: https://www.engvid.com/ TRANSCRIPT A warm welcome back to engVid. Today I'm presenting a series of vocab and phrases to help you understand what is happening in the news. It's important to know what's going on in the world, and if you can read a newspaper in English then you will develop an enormous sense of satisfaction because that will show that your level of English is right up there. Okay, let's start with "unethical". So, we can see a shorter word within the longer word: "ethic". Now, a person's ethics are the ideas that they live by. So we say: "A code of ethics". For example, to say please and thank you. If you want to know more about this, then perhaps watch my lesson on social etiquette. Okay? It's to do with the kind of ideas and beliefs a person has. If something is unethical, then basically it means it's wrong, it's bad. Evil's quite a strong word, but it's along those lines. "Illicit" is something banned, something not allowed. So if a politician took some illicit substances, then that would show that they had been taking some drugs that are not legal in the country they are in. Okay? "Illegal", "illicit", a synonym would be: "illegal", "banned". "Allegation", so we have a noun here. An allegation-I'll just write in that that's the noun-is something that someone said about something else. For example, an allegation that Boris Johnson has had an affair. Someone is saying that Boris Johnson has had an affair. It doesn't mean that they have had an affair, it just means that someone is saying they have had an affair. "An affair" is when you cheat on someone. Okay? "Alleged", okay? To allege, you are saying the rumour, you are saying what you think happened. "Alleged", so that is the past tense version of the verb. "To allege" is the present tense. But it's most often seen in the past tense. "Journalists alleged that"... "Allegedly", okay? So here's the adverb. "Allegedly Boris Johnson has done this." It's not saying definitely. It's saying it might have happened. Okay, "a disclosure". This is making a secret public. Okay? So, Boris Johnson tells a friend that he has been putting lots of money in a bank account in Switzerland or in an offshore bank account. The friend then is quite nasty to Boris, because he makes the secret public. He discloses some information. Okay? "Disclosure", the noun; the verb, "to disclose". And if we look a little bit more carefully there, your prefix "dis" and the main part of the word "close", so something is close and now it is open. So we had a secret and now we don't have a secret. "Libel". "Libel" is a published fake statement that damages someone's reputation. Okay? So, who says "fake" a lot? Donald Trump. "Fake news! That's fake news. Don't listen to him, that's fake news." Okay? So, "fake" means made up. So, libel, you can accuse someone of libel if they write something about you that is not true. "To be embroiled in a scandal". So, "a scandal" is something regarded, something thought of as wrong which causes a public outrage. "Outrage" is when we are angry. So the politician... Let's just explain this word, sorry. "Embroiled" means caught up in. I'll write that there. "To be embroiled in a scandal", you're surrounded by something that is making the public very angry. And I've got quite a few examples of those just to come in a moment. A "P.R. disaster". So, the P stands for "public", the R stands for "relations". If you work in P... If you work in PR, then you are promoting people all the time and you are saying: "This person is fantastic dah-dah-dah-dah-dah-dah-dah". But a P.R. disaster is when it goes into the newspapers some bad press. "Bad press" is something written that makes that politician look bad. Not necessarily politician, can apply to someone else.
12 expressions with COLOURS in English
http://www.engvid.com/ In this lesson, you will have a GOLDEN OPPORTUNITY to learn twelve expressions that use different colours in English. Some examples include "roll out the red carpet", "black sheep", and "the grass is greener on the other side". These are common idioms you can easily use in your everyday language. After watching, make sure to do the quiz to test your understanding. Hopefully, you will pass with FLYING COLOURS! http://www.engvid.com/12-expressions-with-colours-in-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hello. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. Today, we're going to be dealing with: "Idioms of Colour". Okay? There are really beautiful ways of describing things in the English language, and they will add a degree of richness and variety to your spoken and written English. I'm going to be telling a story today about my friend, Bob, and what happened to him, and you're going to be learning 12 idioms using colour, or 10-12 colour idioms. First thing I wanted to point out was here in the UK, we spell "colour" with a "u". We like our u's in UK style English, original English. But in the America... Well, in the USA, they tend to forget about our worthy u's. So, you know, make your own mind up. My friend, Bob, he got beaten up until he was "black and blue". Okay? He got beaten up. Okay? So, "black and blue", it describes the colour of his skin because he has bruises. Okay? He gets beaten up. He was in a fight. He got in a fight until he was... Until he was beaten black and blue. It means he got badly beaten up. The police said that the matter was "black and white". Okay? So, my friend, he's got beaten up, so I ask the policeman: "What's happened, here? My friend, he got beaten up." And they said to me that the matter, that this whole topic, this subject, this event, it was "black and white". Okay? It was clear. Okay? It was clear what had happened. There was no questions: what had happened? My friend, Bob, had been drunk, so he got attacked, he got beaten up. Okay? So, what did I do? Well, I asked Bob's mom: "Why? What's happened? What's happened to Bob? He got drunk. He got beaten black and blue. What's going on, Mrs. Bob?" And Mrs. Bob said: "Well, Bob, he's always been a bit of a 'black sheep'." That's a red sheep. What's a black sheep? Ma-a-a. A black sheep is one that goes a different way. So, we got lots of sheep. Okay? Here's a big family of sheep, and here's Bob. Here's Bob being a black sheep. Well, what does a "black sheep" mean? Well, a "black sheep" means he's gone a different way. Okay? Because most of the time, sheep are what colour? Yes, they're white. But Bob, he's a black sheep, he's a bit different. He's taken a wrong turning. You are going the wrong direction. Okay? So, I'm still talking to Mrs. Bob, and I'm like: "Yes, but he was 'born with a silver spoon'." Okay? If I'm born with a... Woo, it's silver, the spoon. With a silver spoon in his mouth, it means the gods are giving riches. Okay? Caliban in The Tempest, Shakespeare: "Me dreamed that the clouds opened and showed riches ready to drop upon me." Okay? Sorry. A bit over your head. He's born with a silver spoon, Bob. Okay? What...? What the...? What does that mean? It means he was born into a good family. Yeah? He's born into a big house, there's a car, there's food. But Bob's been a black sheep, okay? And he's gone to... He's gone to Hull instead of to New York, maybe. Sorry, people in Hull. It's a glorious city. I love it very much. Okay, so he was born with a silver spoon. He was given-okay?-gold, silver; valuable. Okay? Lots of money for gold and silver. He was given "a golden opportunity", a great, a fantastic, a magnificent, a brilliant opportunity. Yeah? To... To go to a good school. Okay? And so Bob went to the good school, but he thought... Okay? Past tense of the verb: "to think", he thought that "the grass was always greener on the other side". Okay? So here's Bob, he's at his school. He's got his silver spoon, and he thinks that it's always better to be... Well, a... Someone swimming in the sea, under water. He thought it was always greener to be a deep sea diver. Okay? A deep sea diver. So "deep" means far under the water, right down. So Bob thought it was greener to be under water, to be doing something completely different. Okay? So here's Bob, to think it's greener on the other side, he always thinks it's better over there. So if I'm in a blue car, I think it's better to be in a red car; if I'm in a red car, I think it's better to be in a blue car. Bob thought it was better to be a deep sea diver. Uh-oh. So, he soon was "in the dark" about things. Okay? So he's swimming, he's in the water. He's in the dark, it means: don't know what's going on. Yeah? I don't know. So, you could... You could say... If someone asked you a question, you could say: "Sorry, mate. I'm a bit in the dark about that." It means: "I don't know. No one has told me." Yeah?
POLITE ENGLISH: 9 phrases for getting out of trouble
Using the rights words to get yourself out of trouble will help you improve your relationships with your family, friends, and colleagues. In this lesson, we will look at nine phrases to express situations of misunderstanding, miscommunication, and conflict. For example, if your colleagues didn’t understand your instructions, you could say, “Let me put it another way”, before explaining again in other words. Starting your explanation with a polite phrase will show that you care and that you want others to understand your point of view. Test your knowledge with the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/polite-english-9-phrases-for-getting-out-of-trouble/ NEXT, watch more of my English lessons to improve your English conversation skills and make your vocabulary richer: 1. Learn 18 English PHRASAL VERBS for compliments & criticism: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_UU2XWjoT9I 2. Giving Excuses: How to say NO in English – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rXVR6IL74as TRANSCRIPT Hello. Welcome back to engVid. Today's lesson is a conversational lesson. We're looking at phrases to help you get out of trouble. How could this help you? Well, we all have difficult times at work where you need to keep a boss (an employer) happy; or in a domestic situation, you may need to keep your partner happy if they're a little bit peeved - if they're a little bit cross with you. So, here are some phrases that will help you to do just that. Now, you may remember a video that I did, which was looking at rumours and secrets, and the situation we had in that video was that Lionel Messi had apparently called Cristiano Ronaldo slightly big-headed. So, Cristiano might say: "Lionel, what's going on? What did you mean by that?" And Lionel is going to have to sort of say: "It's okay, Cristiano. What I meant was that you have a healthy self-regard". "A healthy self-regard", let's write that up here. A healthy self-regard. "Healthy" meaning, you know, good for you - not bad; "self", about oneself; "regard", a bit like the French word: "to look". "What I meant was you have a healthy self-regard." So, it was a good thing; not a bad thing. Cristiano says the same thing: -"Lionel, why did you say that?" -"Well, if I said that, I didn't mean to." So, in this example, Lionel is basically saying: "Yeah. You know what, Cristiano? That's exactly what I said, but I didn't mean to". "Didn't mean to", I mean, this is quite a poor excuse, but it sounds polite, doesn't it? It makes it seem better that Lionel didn't mean to say it. It just... The words just came out of the mouth. Better this: "Let me put it another way. It's fantastic that you're so confident; it helps you become such a good player." Okay? So, if we say something to a boss or a partner and they don't like the way we say something, we can try another way: "Let me put it another way. You're fantastic." Another way of... So, these two are quite similar, here. "Let me rephrase what I just said..." So, words can be interpreted in a very personal way, and different words make you think different things, so it's really important, the words we do choose. If someone doesn't like the words we have chosen: "Let me rephrase..." So, the prefix: "re" means "again"; "phrase", collection of words. "Let me put that into another phrase; let me rephrase what I just said..." So, I've just said something in the past tense; let me say something again now. Let me... I'm asking permission. "Let me say something again in a better way." Or we have another option, here, of saying: "No, no, no, no. That's not true at all. That's not what I said at all." Okay? So, Lionel is saying: "No, Cristiano, what I... I did not say that. That's not..." So we have the negative before "what I said". "That's not what I said"-okay?-"at all" just emphasizes it that little bit more. This follows on; it's the same sense that the rumour-the secret-is not true: "I've no idea who told you that, but it's not true. I've no idea who told you that. I've no idea who told you", it's quite a forceful means of expression, that. It's quite emphatic. Okay? It's definitely saying: "This is not true." So, being British, we always come up with quite polite phrases, as opposed to the Americans/North Americans who might not beat around the bush quite as much. "I'm afraid that" is a slightly politer way of saying the above sentence. "I'm afraid that just isn't true", okay? "Afraid" softens the blow ever so slightly. "I'm afraid that just is not true." Okay. Another very British phrase: "The fact of the matter is..." Okay? So, you could just say: "The fact is", but we add in: "of the matter", to do with this subject. "The fact of this story... Of this matter... The fact of the matter is I did not call you bigheaded." So, if the situation is becoming a little bit heated and it's coming into a little bit of an argument, you might just say: "Let's get this straight..." Okay? So, why do we say "straight"? […]
Talking about LOVE & relationships in English: I got dumped!
Have you been dumped? Have you dumped someone? When you 'get dumped' it means that someone ended a romantic relationship with you. But it's okay! I'm going to teach you how to talk about getting dumped and moving on! You will learn several English expressions to describe the stages of a relationship. Your love life may be difficult, but this lesson isn't! Test your love and relationship knowledge in my quiz at http://www.engvid.com/love-relationships-getting-dumped/ TRANSCRIPT Hello, guys, and welcome back to engVid. My name's Benjamin, and welcome to the best place on the internet to learn your English. Today has not been a good day. I am sad because "I got dumped." That's right, today, we're going to do a lesson about using words for emotions, and how to talk about getting dumped, getting over it, and moving on to the next person, if appropriate. So, today, "I got dumped." Okay? We use this auxiliary verb with: "dumped". So it's an auxiliary verb. Okay? And then in the past simple tense. "I got dumped." It means the person threw me away; they told me to disappear, to get rid of myself. Okay? So, if a friend asked me: "What happened, Benjamin?" I would say: "Well, she"-the girl-"dumped me." Okay? Again, in the past simple because it only happened once, that's why it's in the past simple. It'd be complicated if she dumped me again, and again, and again, and again. We wont talk about that. Or, if it was different: "I dumped her." Ha-ha, I dumped her. Okay? So we got a mixture of active and passive here. This, obviously, active, and: "I got dumped" there in the passive. That was done to me, but if I dumped her, that's active; that's me doing it to her. I think that's her, maybe she'll take me back. No, I'm sorry, you're dumped. Okay, now, because she dumped me and I don't want to speak to her, my friend has to tell me to "Calm down." He's telling me right now that I need to calm down. So that's a sad face. My sad emotions have to go down. He's telling me to calm down. My sadness, my anger - down. Okay? Sad face, down. What he wants me to do, what my friend, George, wants me to do is to "Cheer up." Cheer up. Okay? So this is my smiley face and he wants more of that, so he says to me: "Cheer up." Now, I'm having a bad day and I'm not wanting to cheer up and I don't want to calm down. So what he says to me next... This is what my friend says to me, he says: "Deal with it." He says: "Deal with it." Now, what does that mean? "Deal", that means get to grips, be strong, be strong. Manage it, the girl. Okay? With "it" meaning the "dumped", the being dumped, the dumping. Okay? He tells me to: "Get over it." Get over it, he wants me to move on. Okay? This is me being dumped, he wants me to jump over that, to move on, to move into the future. Okay? And he says to me... He says to me: "Benjamin, there are plenty more fish in the sea." Well, that's nice. Okay? "Fish", he's obviously talking about girls - no pun intended. Okay? "Plenty more fish in the sea." Don't worry, don't be sad. There are more people to meet. Now, what George needs me to do, he wants me to: "Look forward to" something. To look forward to the future. Okay? So, if I'm sad, I don't think about the future. I'm just sad, I'm thinking about girl who dumped me. But he wants me to look forward, to be excited about something. Okay? So he wants me to say... He wants me to say: "George, I am looking forward to having a beer tonight.", "I am looking forward to..." and then we write down an event, something we are excited about. So we could say: "a party", or: "playing sport", something active. Okay? Now, this girl has annoyed me so much, and George, he keeps sending me little text messages. "George is getting on my nerves." So George, here he is, these are my nerves all the way through my body, George is on my nerves and he's making me angry. Okay? "Getting on my nerves", it means to make angry. Okay? This is in the present continuous. Okay? It's happening again, and again, and again. It's happening now. Right? Now, here, I could say: "George gets on my nerves." This is present simple. This is more serious. Okay? This implies that he gets on my nerves, he annoys me all of the time. If I say: "He's getting on my nerves", it suggests for a short period, George is annoying me. So this is for short time, and this is all the time. Now, another way of saying: "Gets on my nerves"... This is a good one. Okay? Is to say that: "To rub someone up the wrong way." That's complicated. Isn't it? "To rub someone", to rub, rub someone up the wrong way. So think about it, you're driving and suddenly someone says: "You're going the wrong way." Okay? The wrong way means unh-unh. To rub someone... This is rubbing, rubbing. If you're rubbing someone the wrong way, they don't like it; they're getting annoyed. They don't like you. They want you to go. Okay?
English Idioms: Fruits and Vegetables!
Ready for a healthy English lesson? Today I'm teaching you fun idioms that you can use in English conversations. We use idioms to express ourselves in a more interesting way. I've 'cherry picked' some of my favourite idioms that have to do with fruits and veggies. They're healthy, colourful, and they'll help you understand English conversations. 'Go bananas' and start Using them in casual situations to sound more fluent in English. I'll teach these expressions using a story and give you examples and explanations for each one. Twelve idioms in total, because we sell them by the dozen! Test yourself with our quiz: http://www.engvid.com/english-idioms-fruits-and-vegetables/ TRANSCRIPT Hello, guys. Welcome back to www.engvid.com, the place to be on the internet to learn your English. Today, we're looking at fruit idioms. They're a useful way of describing various situations that happen in life, mainly in a social context. Okay? So this is good if you're going to be spending some time in an English-speaking country, and you want to drop in a really cool phrase, here. So it's like: "Hey. I'm really cool, because I can use my fruit idioms." Okay? So I'm just going to be telling a story about my mate, Dan, he's a really good friend of mine, using these different fruit idioms, and I want you to be able to use them, too, by the end of the lesson. You've got 10 minutes to master it. Right. Maybe less. Okay, so, fruit idioms. My mate, Dan. He's had a bad time recently, so he's taken to be... He's taken to become a "couch potato". He started becoming a couch potato. Now, a couch is something you lie on, it's like a sofa. Okay? It's like a sofa, and it's a potato, it's not a very glamorous vegetable, is it? I don't know if you know the football player Wayne Rooney, but we sometimes call him "Potato Head". Yeah, it's not very kind of... It's not like an exotic pineapple, is it? It's like, potato. Yeah? So, a sofa potato. I don't have a brown pen, I'm sorry. So if you're a potato lying on a sofa, you're not going to get the girls, really, and you're not going to have much fun, because you're sort of lying there, watching the football. Yeah? So, a "couch potato" is a lazy person who watches a lot of television, lying down. That's my fruit. Pretty good, huh? So, Dan, he's lying, he's behaving as a couch potato. So what do I need to do? Well, I need to "dangle a carrot". I need to invite him to enter, and to participate in life. Participate: to take part in. So, I dangle. I say: "Dan, come and have some beer. Dan, we're going surfing. Dan, I'll give you some money. Come with me." Okay, so I... To dangle a carrot, it's like I imagine that Dan is maybe a goat. I imagine he's an animal that wants to eat a carrot. So if I offer my animal a carrot, he's going to follow my carrot. So I've drawn some money. If I'm... If I'm offering him some money, maybe he comes towards me. "Dangle a carrot". It's like to kind of... To offer a reward, maybe. Offer reward. Now, Dan really likes the carrot that I dangled. And so we went to a party, and we "went bananas". Yeah? "Went", past tense of "go". So we went bananas. We had a really good party. Yeah! Yeah? This is me, and this is Dan, he's saying: "Yeah! I'm having a good time." Okay? And then he was "full of beans". Yeah? He's a happy chap. He's full of energy. The opposite of couch potato. He's full of beans. He's ready to play sports, he's ready to do anything. Okay? Rah. Full: complete. Full of beans. Imagine little beans of energy. Unfortunately, a bad person came along, and he was... Me and Dan both thought that he was a bad... "Bad apple". Okay? A "bad apple" is not a nice person. Little bit... Ooh, bad apple. Yeah? It's like: "Ooh, stay away." Okay? And he was rotten... So if I'm eating an apple, and it's kind of a bit mushy, it's not very nice, and it's got like insects in it, okay? It's rotten. Okay? It's an old apple that's... It's no longer any good. Okay? It's rotten. This is the core in here. So if it's rotten, it's not just this bit that's rotten; it's all the way to the core, all the way in. So all of it is bad. All of this person is bad. He's rotten all the way through him. Okay? Bad person. So we don't like this bad person. So, what we do is we "upset the apple cart" a little bit. Now, "upsetting the apple cart". This is a phrase from quite a long time ago. Probably 100 years ago in the markets, especially in Fulham, North End Road, good place to go and check out if you're visiting London. You'd have these market people, and they'd be pushing their carts of apples, and saying: "Pound for a bag. Pound for a bag. Come and buy my lovely apples."
IMPROVE YOUR VOCABULARY: length, long, short, wide, broad, high, height...
In this lesson, I will teach you vocabulary that will help you express measurements of space and time. We will look at the meanings of words like "length", "width", "height", and more. Maybe you know the basic meaning of these words already, but I will show you exactly how they are used, and how they are different from each other. Also, I will explain how adjectives are made from these nouns. For example, "long" comes from "length", and "deep" comes from "depth". If you are an English learner looking to be more accurate and precise with your vocabulary, this is the lesson for you. Now it's time to keep your learning going by watching one or two more videos on basic vocabulary: 1. STILL, YET, ALWAYS, ALREADY: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1zE8M590vdY&index=10&list=PLpRs5DzS7VqpcTS7hXJU4ARPwSETGI1gy&t=0s 2. Do you know the difference? LAST, LATEST, AT LEAST, LATTER, LATER, LATELY...: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vCJruE1wNP8&index=12&list=PLpRs5DzS7VqpcTS7hXJU4ARPwSETGI1gy&t=0s TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/improve-your-vocabulary-length-width-height/ TRANSCRIPT Hello and welcome back to engVid. In today's lesson we are going to be looking at eight words used for measuring space, and looking at how we use these words in a human story. So this lesson is appropriate for beginners and intermediates looking to use language in a more accurate and varied manner. So, today's situation, we are pretending that I have a girlfriend in San Francisco. First word: "long". Length, so there are different ways in which I can use this word: "long". Firstly: "length". Someone might ask me: "Benjamin, what has been the length of your relationship?" I.e.: How long have I been going out with the girl for? Well, the answer, a couple of months, two months maybe. "At length", we use this word when you hear something after a long time. "At length, I received an email from my girlfriend". "Lengths", most commonly this word is used to measure how many times you go up and down in a swimming pool. "How many lengths would I have to swim to get to San Francisco from London?" The answer is: Quite a lot. "Lengthened", you could use this phrase with time, but it means anything that's getting longer. "Time lengthened between the time that I saw her last." Time got longer. "It was a long-distance relationship." That means we're on the telephone sending messages-okay?-we're in two different places, trying to get along. Opposite of "long": "short", and three words that we can use with "short". "I wanted to shorten the distance between us." I wanted to shorten the distance. A "shortcut", we use this word in electronics. So I won't try to explain to you how this works, but a shortcut means that if you are going... You have to do a lap... Pretend we're doing athletics, not electronics. If I do a shortcut, my start's here and my finish is there, maybe I do a slightly shorter lap, so I'm shortening the distance I travel. "Shortly". "Shortly" is pretty much the opposite of "at length", it means in a short time. So: "Shortly I will go and have a cup of coffee." Okay, we ready for the next ones? Good stuff, keep that concentration going. "Wide", two words here. "Width": "The width of my trousers I believe is 32 inches", something like that. "Widening": "My waist is widening with each croissant that I eat." My girlfriend in San Francisco might not like it. Okay? "Width", widening, getting bigger. Okay. "Broad". "Broad" means sort of bulky. If you're broad shoulders it means that you're out here, so a sense of getting bigger. If I broaden my horizons, it means I learn more about the world. "A broad-minded person", so: "I think the people in San Francisco are broad-minded." They care about the environment and they are good people, they want to learn more. "High". Well, you could listen to a Bob Marley song, but alternatively, stay tuned with me. "To be on a high" means that you are feeling really good, you're riding a positive wave of emotion. So these two words: "high" and "low" often used to talk about emotion. "High", sort of positive ones; "low", feeling down in the dumps; down, high. "Height": "My girlfriend's height is 6 foot 1." Okay? The height of something. Or you could use it to measure something more abstract, like passion: "The height of our passion". "Highly", this is a synonym of "very". "The highly sought-after professor. The highly sought-after", it means everyone wanted to hear from the professor. "Low", so let's look at the story, I've got this girlfriend, dah-dah-dah-dah, writing these long-distance messages. I want to shorten the distance between us. I'm getting a little bit fatter. I think things are really good over there. So, I'm on a bit of a high because I go out over to San Francisco and I see her, and then she dumps me. […]